Turner's Syndrome

By Harish GopinatH

What is it?

Turner Syndrome is a birth defect caused by the absence of an X chromosome in some or all cells of a female, which inhibits sexual development and usually causes infertility.


  • short stature
  • webbed skin of the neck
  • abnormal eye features (drooping eyelids)
  • abnormal bone development, such as a "shield-shaped," broad flat chest
  • absent or retarded development of secondary sexual characteristics that normally appear at puberty, including sparse public hair and small breasts
  • coarctation (narrowing) of the aorta
  • bicuspid aortic valve
  • infertility
  • dry eyes
  • absence of menstruation