Words that Pack a Punch

Jake M.

Sybolism

The use of symbols to represent ideas or qualities

--You should use it because it allows you to web together theme and story

Allusion

An expression designed to call something to mind without mentioning it explicitly

--You should use it because it allows you to add more depth to a story depending on the reader's background


  • “I was surprised his nose was not growing like Pinocchio’s.”
  • “When she lost her job, she acted like a Scrooge, and refused to buy anything that wasn’t necessary.”
  • “I thought the software would be useful, but it was a Trojan Horse.”
  • “He was a real Romeo with the ladies."
  • “Chocolate was her Achilles’ heel.”

Cultural Referance

A reference that brings things from history to mind

--You should use it because it allows you to add more depth to a story depending on the reader's background


  • Elvis
  • The beetles
  • Journey
  • Styx
  • Kiss

Nuance

A subtle difference in or shade of meaning, expression, or sound

--You should use it because it allows you to change something slightly but actually changing the complete meaning


  • Room being hot or cold
  • Light on or off
  • Some with their eyes closed and not closed
  • A deaf person and someone with earplugs
  • A blind person and someone with their eyes closed

Connotation

An idea or feeling that a word gives you

--You should use it because it allows you to engage the reader more and make them feel like they are in the story


  • He was scared or He was frightened
  • She jumped or She leaped
  • I walked into the room or I strutted into the room
  • She is sad or She is down
  • He was put down or He was killed

Mood

Temporary state of mind or feeling

--You should use it because it allows you to change how the reader looks at the character


  • Playful
  • Happy
  • Sad
  • Hopeful
  • Warm

Tone

General character or attitude of a place, piece of writing, situation, etc.

--You should use it because it makes a reader think more about a character and eventually become more attached to the character


  • Sassy
  • Snappy
  • Anxious
  • Concerned
  • Jealous


Alliteration

The same letter or sound of multiple consecutive words

--You should use it because it can make the sentence sound different


  • How much could a wood chuck chuck if a wood chuck could chuck wood
  • While I nodded, nearly, napping, suddenly there came a tapping
  • Peter piper picked a peck of pickled peppers
  • Paige's pink polish pours profusely
  • Six silly sisters selling shiny shoes

Hyperbole

Exaggerated statements or claims not meant to be taken literally

--You should use it because it can make situations sound way worse than they actually are which could give more depth in the story


  • Its raining cats and dogs
  • It was so cold I saw polar bears wearing jackets
  • I am so hungry I could eat a cow
  • I've told you a million times
  • If I can't buy that new game I will die

Metaphor

A figure of speech in which a word or phrase is applied to an object or action to which it is not literally applicable

--You should use it because it allows you to make a connection to another things by saying something


  • She is sunshine brightening our day
  • Life is a journey
  • You are my sunshine
  • Noah has a heart of a lion
  • You have a heart of steel

Onomatopoeia

The formation of a word from a sound associated with what is named

--You should use this because it allows you to show the sound that happens so it isn't up to your imagination



  • Boom
  • Pow
  • Kazam
  • Bang
  • Woosh

Personification

The attribution of a personal nature or human characteristics to something nonhuman

--You should use this because it makes non possible things possible and that can lead to nonfiction stories


  • The flame of the candle danced
  • The stars danced
  • The trees were joyful
  • The trees danced
  • The moon was resting

Simile

A figure of speech involving the comparison of one thing with another thing of a different kind

--You should use this because it allows depth into your story


  • The stars danced
  • The flame of the candle danced
  • The rain wept down the window
  • The breeze murmured through the branches
  • The trees danced in the wind

Imagery

Visually descriptive or figurative language

--You should use it because it lets you make the reader feel more into the story since they feel they are the main character that is in the story


  • Tall
  • Small
  • Tiny
  • Big
  • Dark

Idiom

A group of words established by usage as having a meaning

--You should use it because it allows you to add depth to your story


  • Did you wake up on the wrong side of the bed
  • Have you lost your marbles
  • Hit the books
  • Your pulling my legs
  • Zip your lips

Irony

The expression of one's meaning by using language that normally signifies the opposite (sarcasm)

--You should use it because it allows you to change how people look at the characters in your story


  • That was fun
  • That's so cool
  • You look nice
  • I definitely want to do that
  • Can we go outside