Help Stop Aids/HIV in Sub-Sahara Africa

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What is HIV/Aids?

HIV is the Human Immunodeficiency Virus and it attacks your immune system. It kills CD4 cells which help your body fight diseases. HIV can severely damage your immune system which can lead to Aids.

Aids is Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome and it's the final stage of HIV. It causes severe damage to the immune system. You wil be diagnosed with Aids if you have one or more specific Ols, certain cancers, or a very low number or CD4 cells. If you contract or have Aids you will need medical intervention and treatment to prevent death.

How can HIV/Aids be contracted?

  • blood transfusions and organ transplants
  • injection drug use
  • pregnancy, childbirth, and breast feeding
  • sexual contact
  • occupational exposure

HIV/AIDS in Sub-Saharan Africa

  • Sub-Saharan Africa alone accounted for an estimated 70 percent of all people living with HIV and 70 percent of all Aids deaths in 2011
  • According to a 2013 special report issued by the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS), the number of HIV positive people in Africa receiving anti-retroviral treatment in 2012 was over seven times the number receiving treatment in 2005, "with nearly 1 million added in the last year."

The Three Challenges Sub-Saharan Africa is facing

  1. Providing health care and support for the growing population of people with HIV and Aids
  2. Reducing the amount of new HIV infections by helping everyone to protect themselves and others
  3. Coping with the millions of Aids deaths