Dietary Guide

Chptr. 8

What do the Dietary Guidelines do for Americans?

b. A health risk is anything that may reduce human health, these may be ranked according to high, moderate, and low risk

c. Diet is a special course of food to which one restricts oneself, either to lose weight or for medical reasons

Getting enough nutrients within your calorie needs

b. your age, your gender, your metabolism, and genetic blueprint

c. nutrient dense foods give you the most nutrients for the fewest amount of calories

How to maintain a healthy weight

b. Risk factor is any attribute, characteristic or exposure of an individual that increases the likelihood of developing a disease or injury

c. type 2 diabetes, high blood pressure, heart disease, stroke, cancer, sleep apnea, and osteoarthritis

d. fragile bones, weakened immune system, anemia, fertility issues, and hair loss

e. have barley for breakfast and beef up your lunch salad

Suggestions for being physically active every day

b. increases your chances of living longer and makes you feel better about yourself

c. it's recommended that teens get an hour a day of physical activity

d. include muscle strengthening activities and also bone strengthening activities

Importance of whole grains, fruits, vegetables, and milk

b. important sources of many nutrients, reduce blood cholesterol levels, and helps body release energy

c. reduces heart disease and can reduce constipation

d. consider the impact on your health, consume 5 portions of fruit a day, and have fruit for breakfast

How to limit fats and cholesterol

b. trans fats and saturated fats

c. cardiovascular disease

d. choose a diet that is low in saturated fat and cholesterol and moderate in total fat, choose beverage and foods to moderate your intake of sugars, choose and prepare foods with less salt, if you drink alcoholic beverages, do so in moderation

Be choosy about carbohydrates

b. starches & fruits

c. table sugar & syrups

d. it can cause obesity and diabetes and nutritional deficiency

Why reduce sodium and increase potassium?

b. plays role in enzyme operations and muscle contraction

c. osteoperosis, kidney disease, and high blood pressure...

d. Very important mineral for the proper function of all cells, tissues, and organs in the human body

Avoid alcohol

b. drinking before you turn 21 is illegal and you can be cited by the police and arrested for underage drinking, your brain is still developing and will continue to develop until your early twenties so drinking during this time may damage your brain, and starting to drink as a teen puts you at risk for being addicted to alcohol at some point

Why is food safety an important part of the Dietary Guidelines?

Critical part of healthy eating.