How Mountains Are Formed
Different processes in which mountains are formed
The Himalayan Mountains
The formation of Himalayan Mountains are due to the Indian sub-continent and the Asian continent. Over the period of millions of years the Indian sub-continent finally met with and collided with the Asian continent causing it to be pulled under, and led to the two continents folding, forming mountains. It is believed that India's coastline was more dense which is was pulled under rather than it being the other way around. The Indian sub-continent is still moving north, meaning the mountains will continue to grow as well as erode over time.
This mountain is considered young geologically, because it has only been around for about 10 million years. This mountain was formed due to volcanic intrusion, which is the process of magma seeping from under the ground to the surface and sometimes pushing previous rock out of the way. This can take millions of years for the mountain to fully develop. This is how many mountains are formed such as the Sierra Nevada in California. Mt. Kinabalu is still rising today at a rate of 5 millimeters per year. On the north side of the mountain is a gully known as Low's Gully, which was formed 100,000 years ago by a large mass of ice and glaciers which left a 5,900' hole in the mountain.
The Sierra Nevada