Down Syndrome (Trisomy 21)
Claudia Perry, A3
What is this disorder?
Who can acquire the disorder- and how?
Anyone can have the disorder, but is more common when the mother is 35 or older. They have a higher risk, although the mothers can have a child with Down syndrome and be younger. Also, more children born with Down syndrome live in countries where abortion is forbidden and (again) when the mother is older (Langtree 24, 47).
Baby with Down syndrome
Even as a baby, children with Trisomy 21 can show specific physical characteristics.
Teenagers with Down syndrome
Adult with Down syndrome
Just as Paul says in his quote, those with Down syndrome can do just as much as those without.
How is it inherited? Is it even inherited?
Are there prenatal test to look for Trisomy 21?
What are the symptoms?
Other physical symptoms are:
- having decreased muscle tone when born
- extra skin on the back of the neck
- a flattened nose
- joints that are not together between bones in the skull
- only one crease in the palm of the hand instead of multiple
- small ears and mouth
- upward slanting eyes (almond-like)
- short, wide hands that have short fingers, and
- Brushfield sports
What population is affected by Down syndrome? Could this have been prevented in anyone?
Can someone with the disorder have children in the future? Will they be affected?
See chart below
What kind of medical assistance will the affected child need? Will further assistance be needed, as the child grows older?
As for the child having further assistance, this again depends on the severity of the disorder. Assistance may be needed if the disorder is serious enough to cause and kinds of extreme impairment, but others will not need as much help. It is normal for a person with Down syndrome to have someone with them often, but some may need more assistance than others.