Tech Theater End of Year Smore

By Lars Mazurek

Set Design

Floor Plan- shows the plans of each set and where they are in relation to other sets


Painter- The painter will design the elements under direction of the set designer


Electricians- Sets up the lights and technical parts of the set


Carpenter- Designs and builds the set under direction of the set designer


Working together- Set designers have to collaborate with all other designers and crew members of the stage crew.


I learned about the different parts of the set and how set designers work hard to create the sets for the stage. I learned about how the set designers consult with all the other de singers to create the set and the background for the play.


Set design is important for theatre because the set supports the actors, and helps exemplify the actors and what they are saying. A lot of work goes into building the set and it is a very fundamental part of any play.

Elements and Principles of Design

Line- Linear marks made by a writing utensil, can be used to draw and create designs and art


Shape- Self contained area which can be used in art and a positive shape always creates a negative shape


Size- Area occupied by a shape in relationship to the area around it


Texture- The surface quality of a shape, these can be physical or visual qualities


Value- Also known as tone, it is the Darkness or Lightness of a color


Contrast- Juxtaposition of opposing elements


Harmony- Similar or repeating elements in a work of art


I learned about how all the element s and principles are fundamental in creating a work of art. I learned about all the different elements and principles and how they were important in creating art.


The elements and principles of design are really important because they are the building blocks behind all of art. Any work of art you see will have almost all of these elements and they are fundamental to creating art.

Lighting Design

Color-Lighting is fundamental for creating color in Plays and does so through the use of Gels


Texture-Lighting is very important for creating texture in Plays and helps flesh out the stage


Mood-Lighting helps set the tone of the play and does so by altering the mood with the lights


Intensity-Lighting helps certain things on the stage to stand out and be more visible in the audience's eyes


Movement-Lighting can make it look like things are moving on the stage when in actuality they are not.


I learned about how gels are very important to the lighting color and the different equipment that are fundamental in lighting design.


There are different types of lights in lighting design, some of them include


  • Flood lights
  • ERS (Ellipsodial Reflector Spotlight)
  • Fresnel light
  • Scoop Light


Lighting is important to the Theatre industry because it helps support the set piece and it exemplifies the characters and the set. It brings the set together without distracting from the actors.

Sound Design

Music- Music is played in various segments throughout the play to get the audience in the mood or to invoke a certain emotion


Sound effects- Makes the play more realistic and more believable


Intensity- Intensity is the loudness of the sound, and can be used to invoke a certain feeling or for shock value


Reinforcements- Reinforcements make it easier to hear the actor and it makes them louder and clearer. It makes the play more enjoyable for the audience and supports the actors


Balance- Sound can be helpful to the actors or it can drown out their voices and be too distracting, finding the right balance is important for the success of the play.


I learned about how sound was very important to a play and is one of the most important elements of theatre. I learned about the different sound equipment in theatre and how they all play a part in bringing the sound to the audience in an enjoyable way.


These pieces of equipment include:



  • Mixer
  • Equalizer
  • Speaker
  • Monitor
  • Sound Booth
  • Microphones
  • Amplifier


Sound is very important to the theatre industry because it helps invoke feelings in the audience and is very effective in getting the audience into the mood. It supports the actors and what they are saying without being distracting.

Makeup and Costume

Masks- Used to create a character through practical effects, is used to convey a character change or a new character


Eyeshadow- Can be used to convey a feeling about a character and can be used to portray a character's emotions


Pattern- Can be used on costumes to make a character stand out or to make the audience feel a certain way about a character


Lipstick- Can be used to exemplify a character's beauty or to make a character stand out


Fabric- Can be used to define a character's role and can determine a character's morality


I learned about how make up and costumes are incredibly important to a play. I learned about the different kinds of makeup that goes on an actor's face and I learned about the different kinds of materials that go into an actor's costume


Some of these include



  • Lipstick
  • Eyeshadow
  • Eyeliner
  • Blush
  • Silk
  • Leather
  • Prosthetics
  • Rubber


Makeup and costumes are very important to theatre because they are what the actual actors have on. It's what the audience is looking at and it draws the audience's attention towards the actors and the message they are trying to get across.