Phillip II inherited Spain, the Spanish Netherlands, and the American colonies. Phillip's empire provided him with incredible wealth. He believed it was his duty to defend Catholicism against the Muslims of the Ottoman Empire and the Protestants of Europe.
Charles V was the first king of unified Spain.
Phillip II was part of the Hapsbourg family.
The religion in Spain was Roman Catholic.
Spain was one of the world's largest empires.
Spain was part of many different wars. Spain was in/fought against the Ottomans, Dutch Revolt, and England.
Spanish attempted to invade England by creating the Spanish Armada.
Phillip was also the king of England while he was married to Mary Tudor.