North American Natives

By: Julia Armstrong

Anasazi ( ancestors of Pueblo ) 500-1200 AD

The Anasazi tribe would create certain things like dams, ditches, and canals to keep the rain from getting to the tops of mesa and channel to gardens on the canyon floor. The houses they made were made of adobe and stone. They were multi-storied apartment-like structures that lived along walls of cliffs or large plazas. The main part of the civilization in Chaco Canyon was Pueblo Bonito where there was a huge complex of more than 1000 people. From Pueblo Bonito they constructed roads for trading systems. The craftsman made turquoise jewelry, woven baskets ( black on white ), and pottery. They heavily influenced art and architecture of late groups such as Hopi and Zuni ( 2 of the largest Peublo groups today ). The Native group left most likely because of droughts.

Adena (collectively known as the Eastern Woodlands peoples)

This tribe lived in the Ohio Valley region around 700 BC. They grew many varieties of food, for example they grew squash, sunflowers, gourds, and barley. The people produced exquisite copper jewelry and mighty fine pottery. They had elaborate burial mounds made up of log structures coved by piles of earth.

Hopewell

The tribe arrived in Ohio Valley around 300 BC. When they built the mounds, some were 40ft high and 100ft wide. The artifacts they found were suggested extensive TRADE network. THe Adena and Hopewell were referred to as the " Mound Builders ".

Mississippians

They arrived in Mississippi valley by 800 AD. They had plants used for alot of food and when added maize and beans had an increase in population. Becaus eof the increase in population, the Mississippians needed more land. More land resulted in numerous cities with up to 10,000 people-largest was Cahokia (located near present-day Eas St. Louis.) In the center of city of Cahokia was a massive mound aprox. 100ft high and a base of more than 14 acres-(larger than the Great Pyramid in Egypt.) Surrounding this mound was 120 smaller mounds. *** All these Mississippi civilizations collasped by the beginning of 1300s AD- but all influenced other Eastern Woodlands people through their agricultural practices of large scale Faming with Beans and Corn and Mound Building***