Kingdom Animalia- The organisms in this kingdom lack a cell wall, are multicellular, and are heterotrophs (rely on other organisms for nourishment).
Phylum Chordata- Animals in this phylum have a digestive system, exoskeleton, and bilateral symmetry.
Sub phylum Vertebrata- In the sub phylum Vertebrata the animals have a large digestive system, 2-4 chambered, and muscles.
Class Mammalia- Animals in this class have a four-chambered heart, can separate food and air in there throat, and have a lower jaw the is one piece.
Order Cetacea- Mammals in this order have a basically hairless body, layer of blubber, reproductive organs, and a chambered stomach.
Family Delphinidae- Animals in this family usually have curved fins, are very intelligent, able to adapt quickly and flexibly in different situation.
Genus Turiops- This genus only includes the bottlenosed dolphin.
Speices- Turiops truncatus
Weight: Dolphins on average weigh 14-20 kg at birth, adult males weight about 500 kg,adult females weight about 250 kg.
Color: Dolphins are black to light gray on their sides, white on their bellies, and occasionally with a slight pink hue.
Natural range: Bottle-nosed dolphins can be found in the Indian ocean, Atlantic ocean, Pacific ocean, Mediterranean sea.
Diet: Inshore bottle-nosed dolphins eat fish and invertebrates near shore, deep water dolphins eat squid and pelagic fish, Atlantic bottle-nosed dolphins eat croakers, spot fish, sliver perch, South African dolphins eat mass-bankers, olive grunters, Pandora. They get their food by using ecolocation calls to stun their prey.
Habitat description: Bottle-nosed dolphins can be found everywhere but polar waters. Bottle-nosed dolphins are in bays, open shorelines, and estuarine rivers. Also bottle-nosed dolphins live in water from 50 and 90 degrees.
Predators: Dolphins have some predtors such as larger sharks like tiger sharks, and dusky sharks. Also, stringrays recently have been causing deaths to bottle-nosed dolphins.
Life spand:male dolphin can live around 40-45 years, female dolphins can live 50 or sometimes over 50 years.
This picture shows a dolphin come up from the water to breath and give a great show.
Areas of Living
The yellow places on the map show the places that the bottlenosed dolphin naturally live.
Pod of dolphins
A group of dolphins is called a pod.
Armstrong, M. (2007). Dolphin. In Wildlife and plants: [Cricket to earwig] (3rd ed., Vol. 5, pp. 298-299). New York, NY: Marshall Cavendish.
Bottlenose dolphin. (1996-2015). Retrieved March 20, 2015, from National Geographic website: http://animals.nationalgeographic.com/animals/mammals/bottlenose-dolphin/
Burton, M. (2002). Bottle-nosed-dolphin. In International wildlife encyclopedia (3rd ed., Vol. 2, pp. 266-268). New York, NY: Marshall Cavendish.
Jenkins, J. 2009. "Tursiops truncatus" (On-line), Animal Diversity Web. Accessed March 11, 2015 at http://animaldiversity.org/accounts/Tursiops_truncatus/