Wound Care Guide

By: Palmer Bussey

Examples of each type of wound

Most common wounds

The five most common types of wounds include:

1. Abrasion- skin scraped against rough surface causing the top layer of skin to wear away

2. Laceration- the tissue is torn causing a wound with jagged edges

3. Incision- a wound with smooth edges

4. Puncture- an object pierces through the skin and could introduce tetanus bacillus to the bloodstream

5. Avulsion- skin is torn from the body resulting in major bleeding

How to care for wounds

Step 1: ALWAYS PUT ON GLOVES

Step 2: Control the bleeding.

This can be done by:

a. Applying direct pressure

-Put pressure on the wound with gauze. If blood comes through do not remove the gauze just add more.

b. Elevation

-Continue pressure while elevating above the heart to slow bleeding.

c. Pressure points.

-Apply pressure to an artery to decrease blood flow. The brachial artery in the upper arm or the femoral artery at the top of the thigh.

Sutures or no sutures?

If the wound edges cannot be easily pushed back together than it may require stitches. Deep lacerations, incisions, and occasionally punctures will need sutures. A decision should be made by a physician within 12 hours of the incident. Steri-strips are always a good option if stitches are not needed.

Signs of wound infection

The 5 signs of wound infection are:

1. Pain

2. Heat

3. Redness

4. Swelling

5. Disordered function

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