North vs. South

Taylor C.

Society in the North

Cities often lacked sewers and paved streets. About 7 in 10 Northerners lived on farms so there was never any real wealthy or powerful people. African Americans were not equal to white men because they still saw them as slaves. Anti-slavery had many mills and factories.

Society in the South

A small group of wealthy plantation owners dominated the economy and politics. As long as the slave economy could be preserved the south had little incentive progress. A small minority of African Americans in the south were blacks. Southerners in 1860 still measured wealth in terms of land and slaves.