Causes of the American Revolution
Anna Esaka 1763-1776
American Revolution 1775-1783
The American Revolution was a war for the 13 colonies' independence consisting of many battles and skirmishes against England. After the French and Indian War, the taxes enforced for imported good (Navigation Acts), paper goods (Stamp Act), tea (Tea Act), and other everyday goods (Townshend Acts) caused conflicts as the colonists had no representation in the English government. Not only that, King George III put the Proclamation of 1763 in action, so the Ohio River Valley that the colonists fought for was for nothing. All of these events made the colonists enraged, which led to many protests (Boston Tea Party and 1st Continental Congress) and boycotts, while England send soldiers for the Boston Massacre and a house to stay at (Quartering Act) and closed the port in Boston (Intolerable Act). The colonists were justified in declaring their independence because England taxed the colonists with no voice in Parliament, didn't let them settle in the land west of Appalachian Mountains, and send soldiers, which made colonists feel confined.
Navigation Acts 1650-1700s
The Proclamation of 1763
Stamp Act 1765
Quartering Act 1765
Townshend Acts 1767
tea, glass, paper, and paintings in the colonies. This made the colonists pay high expenses due to the soldiers. Colonists boycotted the goods, and the Daughters of Liberty made their own cloth instead of buying the taxed, imported English cloth. After all the protests, Parliament decided to repeal most of the taxes, except the tax on tea to show they still had power. The Sons of Liberty used violence to protest by attacking the English officials and colonial tax collectors' homes. Outrage continued to grow against England as more troops were sent to protect the officials.
Boston Massacre 1770
Tea Act 1773
Boston Tea Party 1773
The Boston Tea Party was a protest of the Tea Act run by the Sons of Liberty in Boston. The colonists were upset about the Tea Act, so the Sons of Liberty took action by dressing up as Native Americans and illegally boarding the English ships full of tea. They then dumped 342 crates of tea into the Boston Harbor!
Coercive Acts (Intolerable Acts) 1774
Parliament punished colonists in Boston for the Boston Tea Party by passing the Coercive Acts, otherwise known to the colonists as the Intolerable Acts. These acts were made to make the colonists pay for tea they dumped and to prevent colonists from planning more attacks; they were made to restrict rights of Boston and give Britain control of Boston. Trade stopped between Boston and Britain, colonial assemblies were prohibited, and reinforced the Quartering Act. The Boston port was closed, which affected all the colonies economically, so the other colonies brought in goods to help support them. This whipped up revolutionary spirit throughout the 13 Colonies.