The Holocaust

Jennifer Chidiac

How it started

The Holocaust began in 1933 when Adolf Hitler came to power in Germany. It was the murder of approximately six million Jews by the Nazi regime. The Nazis believed that Germans were ''higher'' and that the Jews who thought "lowly", were a threat to the German community. During the era of the Holocaust, Germans targeted other groups; Roma (Gypsies), the disabled, and the Slavic people (Poles, Russians and others). Others were persecuted, in the company of them were Communists, Socialists, Jehovah's Witnesses and homosexuals.

What was the Holocaust?

The Holocaust was the mass murder of six million Jews and millions of other people leading up to, and during, World War II. The killings took place in Europe between 1933 and 1945. The Jewish population of Europe stood at over nine million in 1933.

By 1945, the Germans almost killed two out of every three European Jews as part of the 'Final Solution', which was the Nazi policy to murder the Jews of Europe. They were organised by the German Nazi party which was led by Adolf Hitler. The higher rated group of victims were Jewish people.

The end of the Holocaust

During the final months of the war, the SS guards moved camps inmates by making them take the train or being forced to go marching, often called the "death marches", attempting to prevent the American Allies from freeing large numbers of prisoners.

Between 1948 and 1951, nearly 700,000 Jews moved to Israel, adding 136,000 displaced Jews from Europe. The crimes that were committed during the Holocaust, devastated most of the European Jewish society and washed out hundreds of Jewish communities in eastern Europe completely.