13.9 Suburban Sprawl

Suburbs sprawl outside American cities.

Attractions of suburbs

- A detached single-family dwelling rather than a row house or apartment.

- A yard surrounding the house for children to play.

- Space to park several cars at no cost.

- A greater opportunity for home ownership.

- Protection from inner-city crime and congestion.

- Proximity to good schools.

Urban sprawl has some undesirable traits:

- Roads and utilities must be extended to connect isolated new developments to nearby built-up areas.

- Mororists must drive longer distances and consume more fuel.

- Agricultural land is lost to new developments, and other sites lie fallow while speculators await the most profitable time to build homes on them.

- Local governments typically spend more on services for these new developments than they collect in additional taxes.

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