William Tecumesh Sherman

By: Ruth Ceasar

Background & Early Life of Sherman

Sherman was born on February 8, 1820 in Lancaster, Ohio to the late Charles Robert Sherman and Mary Hoyt Sherman. Sherman was an American soldier,business,educator, and author. He was born in Lancaster, Ohio near, the banks of the hooking river. His father was a successful lawyer who sat on the ohio supreme court. He served as a general in the union army during the american civil war. Sherman served under Ulysses S. Grant.


Military Training & Service

At the age of 16 Sherman was cadet in the United States Military Academy at west point. Upon graduation in 1840, Sherman entered the army as a second lieutenant in the 3rd U.S. Artillery and saw action in Florida in the second seminole war. Sherman's lack of a combat assignment discouraged him and may have contributed to his decision to resign his commission.




Slavery & Emancipation

Sherman was not an abolitionist before the war and, like others of his time and background, he did not believe in equality between races. Sherman's military campaigns of 1861 and 1865 freed many slaves, who greeted him "as a second Moses and Aaron and joined his marches through Georgia and the Carolinas by the of thousand.


Modern Assessment & Death

After the fall of Atlanta in 1861, Sherman ordered the city's evacuation. Literary critic Edmund Wilson found is Sherman's memories a fascinating and disturbing account of an "appetite for warfare" that "grows as it feeds on the south. Sherman passed away in New York City at 1:50 on Saturday, 14 February 1891. General Sherman's body was then transported to St. Louise, where another service was conducted on the 21st of February 1891 at a local Catholic Church.