Tokugawa Shogunate

Life in Japan

Thesis

Although the Tokugawa Shogunate period achieved great things, there downfall was caused by foreign invaders, military, and deforestation.

Background Information

The Tokugawa shogunate was also called the Edo period. During this period under the Shogunate there was economic growth and a military dictatorship. The period lasted from 1603-1867, the city is Edo, japan but now known as Tokyo. They were one of the most populated city's in the world with a very stable government. Though the Tokugawa Shogunate had amazing achievements foreign invaders, the military, and deforestation lead to there collapse.

Paragraph one: Foreign Invaders

In leading to the Tokugawa Shogunates downfall foreign invaders played a big part in that role. During the 19th century when there were trade routes from North America to Asia, there ships wanted to land and doc in Japan but Japan did not want that to happen. They said any other foreign ship that docs into there territory except Dutch traders will be killed. A british group came through Edo trying to get to Kyoto, the Japanese saw this as them breaking there rules and went under protocol. They killed the british group, which made them and the British have a problem with each other. After this incident with Britain, Japan now had a new rule with no foreigners in Japan because they weren't following Japans rules. With Japans new rules more invasions happened and more fights and disputes happened which led to Tokugawa Shogunates downfall.

Paragraph two: The military

Although the Foreign invaders had a big impact on the Tokugawa Shogunate's collapse, the military also made a big impact too. The Tokugawa Shogunate had a military dictatorship which ensured that they kept there stability, and made sure there high power was still intact. With there many ruling emperors who had still kept the same military dictatorship, many wars took place. They took control of both Russia and China, and then attacked the U.S. in 1941 which turned to Word War 2. With there military they had a social hierarchy that kept there power in the places it was supposed to stay in. The social class system went warrior samurai, farmers, artisans, and then traders. With that the taxes were very high during the Tokugawa Shogunate period, which was mostly given to the military and government which ultimately lead to there collapse.

Paragraph three: Deforestation

During the Tokugawa Shogunate time period farming was a big impact in there culture. They were the second most important people next to the samurai warriors, and they helped glue the civilization together. The main thing the farmers grew was rice, and they gave more than half of the rice to the population. Even though the farmers were very important people they still had vigorous jobs and had to give up a lot for what they did. Some seasons the farmers had very good weather and some seasons had very bad weather, because the farmers depended on the weather for growing there crops. When there was famine which happened a lot because they usually didn't have the best seasons to grow crops, famine spread and farmers had to work even harder. Work got so hard for the farmers, they moved to other cities and traded there crops so they could earn more money. Once the farmers started moving to cities to trade, the merchants and traders started selling wood, which led to a deforestation. This really impacted the civilization at the time and led them down to there collapse, but a little later they came back up and now they have the most heavily forested trees in the world.

Bibliography

Works Cited

Diamond, Jared M. Collapse: How Societies Choose to Fail or Succeed. New York: Viking, 2005. Print.

Mason, Penelope. "Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History." Shoguns and Art. History of Japanese Art, 2004. Web. 02 Mar. 2014.

This Information and beautiful artwork and paintings on the Tokugawa Shogunate had good information and great pictures to help me visualize the time period. This Website and source can ace the CRAP test by C for Currency and the the article came out in sometime 2004. R for reliability and the website comes from the MET museum which is a very reliable source. A for Authority and the Article was written by Penelope Mason and the pictures came from Japan. Lastly for Purpose/point of view, my point of view on this article was great because the information was very good and informational and then they had pictures and artifacts because it was a museum. The pictures and artifacts helped me look into the time period in japan and really see the struggles, there weaknesses and the strengths. Overall this source does pass the CRAP test and was a very helpful/informative article and artifact pictures.

Staff, History.com. "Tokugawa Period and Meiji Restoration." History.com. A&E Television Networks, 2009. Web. 02 Mar. 2014.

This article/video is a reliable source and I can prove it by the CRAP test. C is for Currency, this article was published sometime in 2009, and that is not that old of an article. R for Reliability, this article/video is from History.com which is always a very reliable source with great information and is accepted by the school. A for Authority and the author of the article is the history.com staff which means it is a reliable author. And lastly P for purpose/point of view, this article was exceptionally good, with information that I did not find on any other websites that I looked at. This article had basic information and also very interesting information that no other website told me. This article defiantly passed the CRAP test!

University, Columbia. "1450-1750: Japan: The Tokugawa | Central Themes and Key Points | Asia for Educators | Columbia University." 1450-1750: Japan: The Tokugawa | Central Themes and Key Points | Asia for Educators | Columbia University. Asia for Educators, 2009. Web. 02 Mar. 2014.

This Article on Tokugawa Shogunate from Columbia university was a ver informative and detailed article. This articles provided times periods in the Tokugawa Shogunate, and also provided information that could really tell me about the Tokugawa Shogunate. The article passed the CRAP test defiantly, C is for Currency and the article came out in 2009, which is not that long ago. R for reliability, the website is an EDU from columbia and our school told us that the edu sites were aloud so the site is reliable. A is for Authority and the site is an EDU so it is ok and the authors are from columbia university. And lastly P for purpose or point of view, I think this article had very good information to see what the time period was like and all basic information you need to no about the time period in Japan. Overall this source does follow and prove then CRAP test, with good information and good sources.