Genetics

By: Austin King

DNA and RNA

DNA is made up of deoxyribose sugar, a phosphate, and a nitrogen base.

RNA is made up of ribose sugar, a phosphate, and a nitrogen base.

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Traits/Heredity

Traits - the physical characteristics of an organism.

Ex: eye color, animal's weight, and height.


Herdity- The passage of biological traits or characteristics from parents to offspring through the inheritance of genes.

Ex: the passage of traits

Dominant/Recessive

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Homozygous/Heterozygous

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Punnett Squares

Genotype- the actual genes

Phenotype- the physical appearance

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Complimentary DNA and mRNA strands

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X-Linked Disorders

x-linked disorders are passed from parent to offspring.
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DNA Replication

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Protein Synthesis

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Genetic Engineering

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DNA Fingerprinting - Gel Electrophoresis

DNA fingerprinting is the way police solve many crimes.
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Mitosis

A somatic cell is any cell of a living organism other than the reproductive cells.
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Meiosis

Genetic variation refers to diversity in gene frequencies.
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Gametes

A gamete is a sex cell that is a sperm for males and an egg for females. Two gametes combine to make a zygote.
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Haploid vs. Diploid

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Mendel

Gregor Mendel is known as the father of genetics, and he used pea plants to prove heredity.
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Watson and Crick

Francis Crick and James Watson discovered the double helix structure of DNA while doing experiments at Cambridge.
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Mutations

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