Federal Court System

Azsa Dunovant

How Federal Courts are Organized

The federal court system consists of many things, some of these things include a U.S Marshall, a U.S Attorney, district courts, court of appeals, precedents, and opinions. Every judicial district that is federal has a U.S Marshal. Their job is to make arrests, collect fines, and take people that have been convicted of a crime to prison. A U.S Attorney is a government lawyer prosecutes those who are accused of breaking federal laws. District Courts are where trials are first held, and lawsuits begin. U.S Court of Appeals review decisions made in lower district courts. An appellate judge writes an opinion, which explains the legal thinking behind a court's decision. The opinion sets a precedent for future cases so judges can make their decisions easier.

Judges and Jurisdictions

Magistrate judges decide whether or not someone who is accused of a crime should be held in jail or released on bail. Judges have a life term as a judge until there is reason for he/she to be impeached. Jurisdiction is a courts authority to hear and make their decision on cases. Appellate jurisdiction is the power of the court to review decisions and change those decisions made by those of the lower courts. Original jurisdiction is the courts power to hear and make a decision on a case before the United States Court of Appeals. A circuit is the area of jurisdiction of a federal court of appeals. A remand is a place where a person who is on bail or in custody is placed.