By: Anna Verhelle
A tropical forest, usually of tall, densely growing, broad-leaved evergreen trees in an area of high annual rainfall.
Location: In the Amazon Basin in South America, the Congo basin and other lowland regions in Africa, mainland, and on Islands of southeast Asia.
The importance of the Tropical rainforest is that more than two thirds of the world's plant species are located there as well as more than half of the world's animals. Also the Tropical Rainforest helps to reduce the effects of the worldwide climate change.
ABIOTIC AND BIOTIC FACTORS
Climatograph is a graphical representation of basic climatic parameters, that is monthly average temperature and precipitation, at a certain location.
The climate is very humid due to the heavy rainfall. There is about 250cm of rainfall each year. Temperature in a Tropical Rainforest rarely gets higher than 93 degrees, and lower than 68 degrees. The average humidity is between 77 and 88%.
Toucans have developed long, large, bills for reaching fruit and cutting it off trees. Sloths have developed camouflage to survive in the rainforest. Blue-green algae grows on its fur giving the sloth a greenish color which help them to camouflage. The strangler fig has adapted by its seeds being deposited by animals on to branches of trees. Trees are another example of adaptations because they have evolved to grow to very tall heights.
Several canopies of unusual trees are below the uppermost layer of the Tropical Rainforest. The ground level has a layer of rapidly growing decomposing leaves.
More than two thirds of the world's plant species are found in the tropical rainforests.
Examples of animals include: Toucan, spider monkey, and poison-arrow frog.
More than half of the world's animals are found in Tropical Rainforests.
Examples of plants include: Bromeliads, Lianas, Carniverous plants and Orchids.
Team, ETE. "Biomes." Biomes. ETE Team, 28 Apr. 2005. Web. 13 Feb. 2016. http://www.cotf.edu/ete/modules/msese/earthsysflr/rforestA.html.
Fitzpatrick, Mark. "Tropical Rain Forest Adaptations of Plants & Animals." Ehow. Mark Fitzpatrick, 2016. Web. 13 Feb. 2016. <http://www.ehow.com/info_8514102_tropical-forest-adaptations-plants-animals.html>.
Cunningham, M. (2003-2016). What Are Tropical Rainforests? - Definition, Plants & Animals. Retrieved February 13, 2016, from http://study.com/academy/lesson/what-are-tropical-rainforests-definition-plants-animals.html