Estonia: Republic of the Baltic Sea

Created by Samantha Chang


The coordinates of Estonia are 59 degrees North and 26 degrees East. It is located in Eastern Europe, bordering the Baltic Sea and the Gulf of Finland, between Latvia and Russia.


For centuries, Estonia was under Danish, Swedish, German, and Russian rule. In 1918, they finally attained independence. It was then controlled by force from the Soviets in 1940 and regained their freedom in 1991 with the collapse of the Soviet Union. Since the last Russian troops left in 1994, Estonia has been free to promote economic and political ties with the West.


Estonia's physical features include marshy lowlands. The land is flat in the north and hilly in the south. 50% of Estonia is covered with forested areas.


Before the euro, the official Estonian currency was the Kroon. It was used from 1928-1940, and then again from 1992-2011. It was divided into sents; 100 sents=1 kroon. The currency was replaced by the euro on January 1, 2011.

The Estonian Flag

The flag of Estonia was adopted on November 21, 1918, after the country gained independence from Russia. The blue part of the flag represents the the blue skies and vast coastal areas of the country; it also stands for hope and aspirations of the people. The black part of the flag symbolizes the dark past and suffering that the people went through and the traditional black jackets peasants have. The white on the flag is the traditional color of peace and represents the yearning of the countrymen for unity, soliditary, enlightenment, and noble qualities of freedom and commitment to work.

Estonia in the EU

Estonia was not one of the founding countries of the EU. The 6 founding countries were, Belgium, Germany, France, Italy, Luxembourg, and the Netherlands. Estonia joined the EU on May 1, 2004.

Major cities

Tourist Attractions

Interesting Facts

Kiiking video

More Interesting Facts


"EEK | Estonian Kroon | OANDA." OANDA. N.p., n.d. Web. 04 Dec. 2015.

"___ Estonia." Estonia. N.p., n.d. Web. 03 Dec. 2015.

"Estonia." CultureGrams Online Database: Subscriber Area Only. N.p., n.d. Web. 03 Dec. 2015.

"Estonia Flag." , Flag of Estonia. N.p., n.d. Web. 04 Dec. 2015.

Google Images

"Kohtla-Järve." - Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Wikipedia, n.d. Web. 05 Dec. 2015. (Used other resources to check for accuracy)

"Tallinn – the Capital City of Estonia." Welcome to Estonia, n.d. Web. 05 Dec. 2015.

"Tartu City & University of Tartu." Welcome to Estonia, n.d. Web. 05 Dec. 2015.

YouTube videos:

Kiiking Bud. YouTube. Tetheredbud, 24 Oct. 2009. Web. 05 Dec. 2015.

7 Facts about Estonia. Dir. Sebastian Loan. Perf. Sebastian Loan. 7 Facts about Estonia. N.p., 13 June 2015. Web. 5 Dec. 2015.