Jackson-Hero or Zero
Jackson was a Zero
Many people of America voted for Jackson because he represented the "common man." Because of this many people over-looked the flaws of Jackson's presidency.
The Trail of Tears
The stereotype that the Cherokee people were savages are not true. In fact, the Cherokee had their own constitution and a written language. The Cherokee nation was located mostly in Georgia and in some of its neighboring states. People started to have more desire for this land because of good soil for growing cotton and the discovery of gold in this region. Congress passed a bill called the "Indian removal act" that allowed the US government to "exchange" the natives land for less desirable land. The natives didn't like this and took it to court. This case was called "Worchestor v. Georgia." The supreme court chief justice, John Marshall, and his justices ruled the Indian Removal Act unconstitutional and said the Cherokee can stay. Jackson knew that the supreme court couldn't enforce their decision so he continued with his plan with the act anyway. The Cherokee were pushed west into Oklahoma even though they were told they could stay. Many died on the long journey there.
Jackson and the Bank
One thing that Andrew Jackson hated the most was the National Bank. He saw it as a benefit to only the aristocratic wealthy class, and not to the common man. Jackson decided to veto the second national bank, but that wasn't going to be enough to kill it. So he told his secretary of treasury to take the money and place it in smaller state banks. he refused so Jackson fired him, and his next secretary of treasury. He did this until he found a person who would do it. And thus the bank seemed to be failing and was closed for good.
Jackson and the Nullification Crisis
Two tariffs were passed during Jackson's presidency. They were called the tariffs of 1828 and 1832. These tariffs hurt the Souths economy. South Carolina wanted to nullify the tariffs, and they refused to pay them. The federal government said that they cannot nullify federal tariffs, so South Carolina threatened to secede from the nation. Congress now passed a bill called "The Force Bill" which gave president Jackson the right to use the US military to force them to pay the taxes. South Carolina continued to threaten to secede until Henry Clay came up with the "Compromise Bill of 1833" which settled the issue temporarily.