1920's

Red Scare

Communism was an un-American political belief, and the " Red Scare" refers to the fear of it among USA during 1920's. Why so afraid? Well, probably because of the strikes, lost of many jobs for innocent people and first of all the arrest of Sacco & Vanzetti , who killed during a robbery guards.
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Automobile: Henry Ford

Henry Ford was one of the American's foremost industrialists.

He created the Model T, and then he also had a prodigious impact on the society.

In fact he developed the Assembly Line Mode, he gave more jobs for hard-workers and finally everyone could afford his car.

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Automobile: a new world !

Society changed under different aspects: people were freed from the need to live near rail lines or stations.

Furthermore they got more chances of having a good job.

Last but not least women and young people got independence that they did not have at all.

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Radio

People started listening to the news and getting always more pieces of others cultures.

Music and voice transmission, social changes.

By the way it also helped to unify the US.

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Movies and Movie stars

Movies and movie stars helped to the view of new prospective.

Yet unified the Nation and learning more cultures.

Definitely the innovation of 1920's from Hollywood to all over the US.

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Changing roles of women

Women started getting more independence since the invention of Model T car.

Then with the 19th Amendment they got the right to vote, finally!

So a new style of girls began: Flapper.

Those wore make up, short dress and also could smoke cigarette!

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Evolution and Scope Trial

Religious fundamentalist rose in the 1920's as an effect to the changing society and the knowing of new theories.

In particular, some people wanted to establish a modern way of life, while fundamentalists pretended a return to traditional forth.

Scopes broke laws, but he lost and then modernists won.

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Fighting racism

The NAACP tried to fight against discrimination.

In addition Marcus Garvey, from Jamaica, established The UNIA, where he was opposed cooperation in whites.

Indeed he supported even separatism.

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Jazz Age 1

Jazz was born in New Orleans about 100 years ago (early 20th century), but its roots can be found in the musical traditions of both Africa and Europe. In fact, some people say that jazz is a union of African and European music.

Its style was more rhythm and "feel" than others, with blues quality and extension of human voice.

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Jazz Age 2

The most important jazz originator and first truly great jazz soloist (improviser) was trumpet player Louis Armstrong. I will advise to listen to "Dippermouth Blues" on The Instrumental History of Jazz or "Working Man's Blues".Yes, full of harmony and blues, all mixed with wonderful rhythm.

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Painters of the Harlem Renaissance

Aaron Douglas was one of the most famous painter of that era.

His style developed as African, as well as American, but more influenced by the African arts. Painting as semi-abstract, feature flat forms or hard edges and finally repetitive geometric shapes .

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Poets of the Harlem Renaissance

Langston Hughes is one of the most well known names of the Harlem renaissance. He was a writer, whose pieces ranged from novels, to plays. He wrote short stories, children’s books, translations, and anthologies as well. However, his most well known pieces were his poems. His writing reflected the idea that black culture should be celebrated, because it is just as valuable as white culture. He advocated many of these beliefs beliefs in his pieces. A good example is “The Negro Artist and the Racial Mountain”

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Heroes of American Aviation

Aviator Amelia Earhart in 1923, fondly known as "Lady Lindy," became the 16th woman to be issued a pilot's license. She had several notable flights, becoming the first woman to fly across the Atlantic Ocean in 1928, as well as the first person to fly over both the Atlantic and Pacific. In 1937, she mysteriously disappeared while trying to circumnavigate the globe from the equator. What about Charles Lindbergh? Lindbergh landed at Le Bourguet Field near Paris after 33.5 hours in the air. He was the first solo man flight across the Atlantic Ocean.

American sports

Baseball player Babe Ruth was born on February 6, 1895. Over the course of his career, Ruth went on to break baseball's most important slugging records, including most years leading a league in home runs, most total bases in a season, and highest slugging percentage for a season. In all, Ruth hit 714 home runs—a mark that stood until 1974.
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Organized crime

One of the most famous American gangsters, Al Capone, also known as "Scarface," rose to infamy as the leader of the Chicago mafia during the Prohibition era. Before being sent to Alcatraz Prison in 1931 from a tax evasion conviction, he had amassed a personal fortune and was responsible for countless murders.
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Racism and Nativism in the 20s

The organization of the Ku Klux Klan coincided with the beginning of the second phase of post-Civil War Reconstruction, put into place by the more radical members of the Republican Party in Congress.

People were really scared and concerned about their safety and also lives.

Murdering of innocent people were the reason why everyone tried to stay away from that prodigious group.

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Immigration Restriction

The Immigration Act of 1924 limited the number of immigrants allowed entry into the United States through a national origins quota. The quota provided immigration visas to few of these people of each nationality in the United States as of the 1890 national census. It completely excluded immigrants from Asia.
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