The Roaring 20's

Chief Editors: Ryan Badough and Alex Walker

Our Table Of Contents

Pg 3- Rise of the Ku Klux Klan

Pg 4- Important Figures In Politics Right Now

Pg 5- Battle Of The Courts!

Pg 6- Re- Cap Of The Schenck v. United States

Pg 7- Innovations in Aviation

Pg 8- Innovations in Jazz

Pg 9- Henry Ford

Pg 10- A Black Man's Take on Racism

Pg 11- Our Cartoons!

Rise Of the Ku Klux Klan

The Ku Klux Klan (KKK), or simply "the Klan", is the name of three distinct past and present movements in the United States that have advocated extremist Reactionary currents such as white supremacy , white nationalism, and anti-immigration, historically expressed through terrorism aimed at groups or individuals whom they opposed.] All three movements have called for the "purification" of American society, and all are considered right wing extremist organizations.

The first Ku Klux Klan flourished in the Southern United States in the late 1860's, then died out by the early 1870's. It sought to overthrow the Republican state governments in the South during the Reconstruction Era, especially by using violence against African American leaders. With numerous chapters across the South, it was suppressed around 1871, through federal enforcement. Members made their own, often colorful, costumes: robes, masks, and Conical hats, designed to be terrifying, and to hide their identities.

Important Political Figures!

A lively debate ensued in 1927 when Secretary of the Treasury Mellon recommended a reduction in taxes that favored big business over wage earners. Previous tax-reduction battles in 1921, 1924, and 1926 had benefited Mr Average Citizen in the lower income brackets.


AMERICAN PRESIDENTS 1920-30

  • 28. Woodrow Wilson (1913-1921)
  • 29. Warren G. Harding (1921-1923)
  • 30. Calvin Coolidge (1923-1929)
  • 31. Herbert Hoover (1929-1933)

Our Take On Schenck vs United States

Schenck v. United States, 249 U.S. 47 (1919), is a United States Supreme Court decision concerning enforcement of the Espionage Act Of 1917 during War War 1. A unanimous Supreme Court, in a famous opinion by Justice Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr. concluded that defendants who distributed leaflets to draft age men, urging resistance to induction, could be convicted of an attempt to obstruct the draft, a criminal offense. The first amendment did not alter the well-established law in cases where the attempt was made through expressions that would be protected in other circumstances. In this opinion, Holmes said that expressions which in the circumstances were intended to result in a crime, and posed a "Clear and Present Danger" of succeeding, could be punished.

Aviation Is A Thing!

The ability to travel long distances quickly but with relatively light loads meant that the earliest commercial freight services were mainly mail deliveries. To speed up mail deliveries the Post Office Department at one time considered putting flat roofs on Post Offices to act as landing strips.

Airplanes were initially built predominantly of lightweight materials like wood and canvas but continual developments in the aviation industry over the first decade of powered flight led to increasing use of metal parts and panels until complete all metal airplanes became the norm. 4600 American airplanes were built in 1928 and 104 different planes were exhibited at an airshow, leading Henry Ford to predict that there would have to be consolidation within the industry.

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The Spirit of Jazz

The period from the end of the First World War until the start of the Depression in 1929 is known as the "Jazz Age". Jazz had become popular music in America, although older generations considered the music immoral and threatening to old cultural values.[1] Dances such as the Charleston and the Black Bottom were very popular during the period, and jazz bands typically consisted of seven to twelve musicians. Important orchestras in New York were led by Fletcher Henderson, Paul Whiteman and Duke Ellington. Many New Orleans jazz-men had moved to Chicago during the late 1910's in search of employment; among others, the New Orleans Rhythm Kings, King Oliver's Creole Jazz Band and Jelly Roll Morton recorded in the city. However, Chicago's importance as a center of jazz music started to diminish toward the end of the 1920's in favor of New York.[2]
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Henry Ford The Legend

Although Ford did not invent the automobile or the assembly line,[1] he developed and manufactured the first automobile that many middle class Americans could afford. In doing so, Ford converted the automobile from an expensive curiosity into a practical conveyance that would profoundly impact the landscape of the twentieth century. His introduction of the Model T automobile revolutionized transportation and American industry. As the owner of the Ford Motor Company, he became one of the richest and best-known people in the world. He is credited with "Fordism": mass production of inexpensive goods coupled with high wages for workers. Ford had a global vision, with consumerism as the key to peace. His intense commitment to systematically lowering costs resulted in many technical and business innovations, including a franchise system that put dealerships throughout most of North America and in major cities on six continents. Ford left most of his vast wealth to the Ford Foundation and arranged for his family to control the company permanently.

The Scopes Monkey Trial

The Scopes Trial, formally known as The State of Tennessee v. John Thomas Scopes and commonly referred to as the Scopes Monkey Trial, was an American legal case in 1925 in which a substitute high school teacher, John Scopes, was accused of violating Tennessee's Butler Act, which made it unlawful to teach human evolution in any state-funded school. The trial was deliberately staged to attract publicity to the small town of Dayton, Tennessee, where it was held. Scopes was unsure whether he had ever actually taught evolution, but he purposely incriminated himself so that the case could have a defendant.

A Letter From A Black Man And His View On Racsim

Dear editors Alex and Ryan

My View on racism is plain. I ponder on the reasons white men cannot fathom why there can be an equal to them that looks so drastically different. I believe they are scared that we the "Negros" could potentially threaten them and their society that they have built. when in truth, we are the exact same as them and have done nothing wrong except look different. thank you for allowing me the opportunity tho share my opinion on the Roaring 20's Magazine.

- Sincerely Louie Baldstrider

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