Taxonomy

By; Paola Rodriguez

What is Taxonomy?

Taxonomy is the branch of science concerned with classification, especially of organisms.


Two examples are the seven main taxonomic ranks and the Dewey Decimal System.

Aristotle

Personal Biography

Aristotle was born in 384 B.C. in stagira on the north coast of Greece that was once a seaport. Aristotle's father, Nicomachus, was a court physician to the Macedonian king Amyntas ll. Although Nicomachus died when Aristotle was just a young boy, Aristotle remained closely affiliated with and influenced by the Macedonian court for the rest of his life. Not very much is known about his mother, Phaestis, although she is also believed to have died when Aristotle was young. Aristotle had first studied medicine and then later in 367 he was sent to Athens to study philosophy. When Aristotle was done with studying Philosophy he opened up his own school in Athens known as the Lyceum. After Alexander's death, Athens rebelled against Macedonian rule, and Aristotle's political situation became precarious. To avoid being put to death, he fled to the island of Euboea, where he died soon after.


Scientific Biography

Aristotle classified animals into groups which is known as taxonomy. He believed you could put animals into groups with similar characteristics into genera and then distinguished the species within the genera. He divided the animals into two groups, those with blood and those without blood.


Biology Legacy

In the later middle ages Aristotle's work was rediscovered and enthusiastically adopted by medieval scholars. He began to have many people follow his work and study it a lot.

Carulous Linnaeus

Personal Biography

He was born on May 23, 1707, at Stenbrohult, in the province of Smaland in southern Sweden. His father, Nils Ingemarsson Linnaeus, was both an avid gardener and a Lutheran pastor, and Carl showed a deep love of plants and a fascination with their names from a very early age.


Scientific Biography

Linnaeus himself came up a system of classification of all creation, animal, vegetable and mineral.


Biology Legacy

His categorizations were not uniformly valuable, but his systematic spirit, his stress on the concept of species, and the formal but adaptable conventions of nomenclature he introduced have endured. Nature is glad to celebrate his legacy in this special issue.

Lynn Margulis

Personal Biography

Margulis was born March 5, 1938, in Chicago, IL. She was an American Biologists. Margulis was raised in Chicago and graduated with a bachelor’s degree from the University of Chicago in 1957. After her divorce she earned a masters degree in Zoology.


Scientific Biology

Margulis used taxonomy to classify things on earth. She used the 5 Kingdom fylum classification order.


Biology Legacy

Margulis's work is still used today when classifying things on earth.