Unit 22 - P1

Rules, laws and regulations of basketball

The Rules

Basketball is a very good team sport. It is divided into Two teams of five players each having the target of trying to score by shooting a ball through a hoop, which is elevated 10 feet above the ground.

The game is played on a rectangular floor called the court, and there is a hoop at each end. The court is divided into two main sections by the mid-court line. If the offensive team puts the ball into play behind the mid-court line, it has ten seconds to get the ball over the mid-court line and then the same selected time to score a basket or have a shot at the hoop. If it doesn't, then the defense gets the ball, which is known as a change over in play.

You can either get down the court by passing or dribbling, you dribble the ball with only one hand at a time you can alternate your hands but not dribble with both hands at a time, because that's known as double dribbling and if that happens the ball gets changed over to the defensive ball.

You can intercept or block to win back possession.

When a team shots and scores a basket, they score two points if they're in the penalty arc and the ball goes to the other team, to restart the play as soon as possible. If a basket is actually scored outside of the three-point arc or penalty area, then that basket is worth three points. A free throw is worth one point. So if you're thinking whats a free throw? Don't worry throws are awarded to a team according to some formats involving the number of fouls committed in a half and/or the type of foul committed during the whole game. Fouling or tackling a forward/ shooter in basketball results in 2 or 3 free throws in the basket.

Each game is divided into sections. All levels have two halves. In college, each half is twenty minutes long. In high school and below, the halves are divided into eight (and sometimes, six) minute quarters. In the pros, quarters are twelve minutes long. There is a gap of several minutes between halves. Gaps between quarters are relatively short

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NBA is the most prominent and leading basketball governing body in the US and formulates its own rules. Internationally, rules are formed by International Basketball Federation or FIBA which are followed by all except NBA.

Basketball is played by both men and women indivuallly having their own leagues and standards in which they compete at fairly. Players have to wear sneakers with high top so as to give extra support to ankle, the best basketball traniers are the ones designed by the players brands, for example Jordan's, Kobes and Lebrons. On each player's uniform the name of the team is printed.

A number of time outs, requests for clock stop and short meetings are allowed during the course of the game. These are not longer than a minute.

This rule may vary with the NBA.

The basketball is a highly televised game. So, breaks are needed in the game due to commercial breaks. A few officials control the game including a referee or crew chief in NBA, one or two umpires, and a few table officials who keeps track of the record of the scores gained by each team. There's no jewellery to be worn in game time, wedding rings should be tapped up

and no baggy clothing in game play.


Principles of the Game

There are two primary objectives in basketball:

Score points by throwing or dropping the ball through the opposition’s basket

Stop the opponent from scoring
The team who finish the game with the most baskets scored wins.

Time Limits

A basketball game is essentially a race against time.

In addition to the game clock, many levels/leagues also play with a shot clock—a device that limits the amount of time a team can have the ball during each possession.


  • Foul Shot/Free Throw: The referee will grant a foul shot to a player who is fouled while in the act of shooting. A successful free throw is worth one point.
  • 2 Point: Any shot taken within the area between the end line and the three point arc is worth two points if it goes in.
  • 3 Pointer: Any successful shot taken behind the three-point line is worth three points.

Moving the Ball

There are two ways to move the basketball: The pass and the dribble. Passing—the intentional transfer of the ball from one player to another— is the preferred option, because it is the fastest way to move the ball and involves team work

Referees and their duties

The referees are in charge of enforcing the rules, and making sure the games run smoothly without any incidents or bad behaviour/ fouls. When a rule has been violated, the referee will use a whistle to stop play and subsequently communicate said infraction using pre-designated hand signals. Like which way the possession has been given and if a foul has been given against a team.

Referees are usually dressed in white-and-black stripped shirts and black pants. Officials in the NBA are required to wear a gray shirt and black pants.


  • Traveling: It is illegal to take more than one step while holding the ball doing. Players are allowed to establish a pivot foot, but once a pivot foot is determined it cannot be lifted off the ground before the player shoots, passes, or dribbles the ball.
  • Illegal dribble: A player shall not dribble a second time after his/her first dribble has ended.
  • Carrying/palming: Allowing the ball to come to a rest in one or both hands while dribbling.
  • Out of bounds: The court boundaries are marked by a sold line that is at least two inches thick. It is a violation if a player contacts a boundary line while in possession of the ball.
  • Backcourt violation: Once a team establishes possession in the frontcourt, no person from that team may be the first person to touch a ball that is knocked into the backcourt.
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