Unit 6 Vocab

Alysha Kray per.2

Proletariat

workers or working-class people, regarded collectively

Bolsheviks

member of a wing of the Russian Social-Democratic Workers' Party, which, led by Lenin, seized control of the government in Russia (October 1917) and became the dominant political power.

Lenin

    a Russian communist revolutionary, politician, and political theorist.




Rasputin




    a Russian peasant, mystical faith healer and a trusted friend to the family of Nicholas II, the last Tsar of Russia.

Provisional Government

    Provisional government is an emergency or interim government set up to manage a political transition, generally in the cases of new nations, or following the collapse of the previous governing regime.

Soviet

    political organizations and governmental bodies, primarily associated with the Russian Revolutions and the history of the Soviet Union, and which gave the name to the latter state.

Communist Party

    a political party based on the principles of Marxism-Leninism, and believing that most economic activity should be owned or controlled by the government.


Joseph Stalin

    the leader of the Soviet Union from the mid-1920s until his death in 1953.



Totalitarianism

    absolute control by the state or a governing branch of a highly centralized institution.

Great Purge

    a campaign of political repression in the Soviet Union which occurred from 1936 to 1938.


Command Economy

    The command economy is a key feature of any communist society. China, Cuba, North Korea and the former Soviet Union are examples of countries that have command economies.

Five-Year Plan

a government plan for economic development over five years. The first such plan in the Soviet Union was inaugurated in 1928.

Collective Farm

    In socialist or communist countries, such as the former Soviet Union, a collective is a cooperative association of farmers who work land owned by the state but who own most of their own farm implements

Albert Einstein

    Albert Einstein was a German-born theoretical physicist. He developed the general theory of relativity, one of the two pillars of modern physics. Einstein's work is also known for its influence on the philosophy of science.



Theory of Relativity

    Albert Einstein, in his theory of special relativity, determined that the laws of physics are the same for all non-accelerating observers, and he showed that the speed of light within a vacuum is the same no matter the speed at which an observer travels.

Sigmund Freud

    an Austrian neurologist and the father of psychoanalysis, a clinical method for treating psychopathology through dialogue between a patient and a psychoanalyst.

Existentialism


a philosophical theory or approach that emphasizes the existence of the individual person as a free and responsible agent determining their own development through acts of the will.

Friedrich Nietzche

    a German philosopher, cultural critic, poet, and Latin and Greek scholar whose work has exerted a profound influence on Western philosophy and modern intellectual history.



Surrealism


a 20th-century avant-garde movement in art and literature that sought to release the creative potential of the unconscious mind, for example by the irrational juxtaposition of images.

Jazz

play or dance to jazz music

Charles Lindbergh

    Charles Augustus Lindbergh, nicknamed Slim, Lucky Lindy, and The Lone Eagle, was an American aviator, author, inventor, military officer, explorer, and social activist.



Coalition Government

    A coalition government is a cabinet of a parliamentary government in which several political parties cooperate, reducing the dominance of any one party within that coalition. The usual reason given for this arrangement is that no party on its own can achieve a majority in the parliament.


Weimar Republic

    The term Weimar Republic is a name used to describe the nation-state which existed between 1919 and 1933 as a successor to the German Empire.



Great Depression

    The Great Depression (1929-39) was the deepest and longest-lasting economic downturn in the history of the Western industrialized world. In the United States, the Great Depression began soon after the stock market crash of October 1929, which sent Wall Street into a panic and wiped out millions of investors.


Franklin D. Roosevelt

Franklin Delano Roosevelt, commonly known as FDR, was an American statesman and political leader who served as the President of the United States from 1933 to 1945.

New Deal

    The New Deal was a series of domestic programs enacted in the United States between 1933 and 1938, and a few that came later. They included both laws passed by Congress as well as presidential executive orders during the first term (1933–1937) of President Franklin D. Roosevelt.


Fascism

an authoritarian and nationalistic right-wing system of government and social organization.

Benito Mussolini

Benito Amilcare Andrea Mussolini was an Italian politician, journalist, and leader of the National Fascist Party, ruling the country as Prime Minister from 1922 until his ousting in 1943.

Adolf Hitler

Adolf Hitler was an Austrian-born German politician who was the leader of the Nazi Party, Chancellor of Germany from 1933 to 1945, and Führer of Nazi Germany from 1934 to 1945.

Nazism


    a set of political beliefs associated with the Nazi Party of Germany. It started in the 1920s. The Party gained power in 1933, starting the Third Reich. They lasted in Germany until 1945, at the end of World War II.

Lebensraum

    additional territory considered by a nation, especially Nazi Germany, to be necessary for national survival or for the expansion of trade. 2. any additional space needed in order to act, function, etc. Origin o Lebensraum Expand.

Mein Kampf

    an autobiography by the National Socialist leader Adolf Hitler, in which he outlines his political ideology and future plans for Germany.