Controversy In The Balkan Peninsula
By: Justice Buford, Maddie Hood, and Brittan Bresnahan
Why is there so much conflict in this region?
Fall of Yugoslavia (Tito) and the rise of Milosevic?
Fall Of Yugoslavia
The country split up in the 1990s into several independent countries. These eight federal units were the six republics Slovenia , Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Macedonia, Montenegro and Serbia. Also two other regions within Serbia,Vojvodina and Kosovo. This happened mainly because of ethnicity problem in the area together. However Bosnia, Croatia and Serbia kept fighting and that led to the Yugoslav War, which caused Yugoslav to fall. This fighting also crashed the Yugoslav economy.
Rise of Milosevic- Great Timeline from http://articles.baltimoresun.com/2001-06-29/news/0106290334_1_milosevic-kosovo-yugoslavia
Aug. 20, 1941: Born in Pozarevac, in central Serbia.
1964-: Graduates from Belgrade Law School, joins the Communist Party.
1984-: Appointed party leader in Belgrade by his friend, Ivan Stambolic, head of the Serbian Communist Party.
1986: Succeeds Stambolic as party boss after Stambolic is elevated to president of Serbia.
April 1987: Delivers speech in Kosovo to Serbs demanding protection from ethnic Albanian majority in province. Speech catapults Milosevic to prominence.
September 1987: Accuses Stambolic and others of anti-communist and anti-Serbian policies, forcing the officials' resignations.
1989: Milosevic becomes president of Serbia, strips Kosovo of autonomy. More than 20 killed in protests.
1990: Yugoslavia sends troops to Kosovo to impose control. Serbia dissolves Kosovo's government.
1991: Croatia and Slovenia declare their independence from Yugoslavia. Milosevic encourages Serbs in Croatia to take up arms.
1992: Bosnia-Herzegovina declares its independence. Milosevic bankrolls Bosnian Serb rebellion.
1995: Agrees to settlement of Bosnian war at U.S.-sponsored peace talks in Dayton, Ohio, with presidents of Croatia and Bosnia. NATO authorizes deploying 60,000 troops.
November-December 1996: Milosevic allies win elections for federal parliament, but opposition coalition appears to win runoffs in most local elections. Milosevic-controlled electoral commissions annul local elections, provoking nightly rallies that reach 250,000 people. Violence breaks out with dozens injured and at least one killed.
January 1997: Milosevic concedes defeat and allows opposition to take control of several cities.
July 1997: Prevented by constitution from seeking re-election, Milosevic has parliament name him president of Yugoslavia, comprising only the republics of Serbia and Montenegro.
February 1998: Sends troops to crush new ethnic Albanian uprising in Kosovo.
September 1998: U.N. Security Council adopts resolution calling for immediate cease-fire and political dialogue.
October 1998: NATO allies authorize airstrikes against Serb military targets. Milosevic agrees to withdraw troops, allow return of refugees and 2,000 unarmed monitors to verify compliance. Attacks continue.
March 1999: Kosovar Albanians sign peace agreement calling for broad interim autonomy and 28,000 NATO troops. Serb delegation refuses; talks suspended.
March 24, 1999: NATO airstrikes begin.
May 1999: Milosevic and four subordinates indicted by U.N. war crimes tribunal on charges of crimes against humanity -- murder, deportation and persecutions -- and violations of the laws and customs of war.
What was the world’s response?
What are the current conditions there?
How did Milosevic’s reign end as well?
This video is very emotional but it helps show what Nato did to Yugoslavia
The First Balkan War 1913-1912
The First Balkan War Pictures
First Balkan War Video
The Second Balkan War 1913
Second Balkan War
These People Keep On Fighting And I Am Not Doing All Of These Wars. Just The Major Ones
If you are interested in this topic watch this documentary at http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eoENyMTmYG4
Balkan War Timeline
In the 20th century, the Balkan peninsula had suffered from major internal wars, two world wars, of which the first one was actually was caused in the area, and caused numerous other conflicts.The dominating religious denomination on the Peninsula is Orthodox Christianity, followed by Islam, Roman Catholicism, Protestantism, Unitarianism, Armenian Orthodoxy and Judaism..
Greeks, Turks, Bulgarians, Albanians, Serbs, Croats, Hungarians, Romanians – these are eight nations feel that they had become a victim of the historical injury.
They also felt they didn’t profit enough territory and receive its due respect. The effect from the combination of political leaders using those feelings, and from appropriate historical circumstances, can easily lead to the spark of conflict in “Europe’s ammunition dump”, is what some people call ed the Balkans. Sadly but true, the term “Balkanization”, deriving from the name of the Peninsula, refers exactly to the process of fragmentation of a region into smaller regions that are often hostile or non-cooperative with each other.