Middle Colonies

Delaware, Pennsylvania, New York, New Jersey


  • The Delaware Colony was founded in 1638 by Peter Minuit.
  • The population of the Delaware colony was more diverse including English, Dutch, and Swedish.
  • The economy of the Delaware Colony was mixed. Agriculture profitable and farms produced grain, rice, and indigo. The forests in the colony supported a thriving lumber industry.
  • There was a mixture of religions practiced due to the diverse population.
  • Nanticoke, Lenni Lenape.


  • The Pennsylvania Colony was founded in 1681 by William Penn.
  • Penn established the colony as a safe haven for Quakers.
  • The economy in the Pennsylvania Colony was mixed. Agriculture played a big role included cattle and dairy.
  • The colony was founded for the purpose of providing freedom and tolerance for the Quakers of England.
  • Shawnee, Seneca.
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New York

  • The New York colony was founded in 1664 by the Duke of York.
  • The population of New York was diverse. There were colonists from the Netherlands, France, England.
  • The economy of New York was made up of agriculture and manufacturing.
  • The New York Colony had such a diverse population that also brought a large mix of religions.

New Jersey

  • The New Jersey colony was founded in 1664 by Lord Berkeley and Sir George Carteret.
  • The colony was open to all people so it brought a wide range of immigrants.
  • The economy in colonial New Jersey centered around agriculture including breeding of livestock.
  • The colony of New Jersey was established on the principal of religious freedom.