The importance of Physical Exams

Mammograms, Pap Smears, & Prostate Exams

Mammograms, Pap Smears, & Prostate Exams

Mammograms are X-rays of the breasts that look for changes in shape or form and also they detect breast disease or cancer in the breasts.

Pap Smears detect any changes in the cervix, including cervical cancer and infections.

Prostate exams look for prostate cancer and any infections in the rectal.

Routines & Prevention

Mammograms could help when you give yourself self exams and find any unwanted lumps in your breasts. There really isn't a prevention of breast cancer besides watching closely for lumps that randomly pop up.

Pap smears and cervix cancer prevention: Abstinence till 18, less sex partners, and if having sex make a good choice by having sex with someone who doesn't have an STD. HPV is also tested when pap smears are taken.

Prostate exams check to see if a man has prostate cancer during this process the doctor may do a rectal exam also known as DRE. Preventions of prostate cancer may be a changing in the diet but other than that there is no preventions.

Who should be getting these exams and how often?

Women ages 50 to 74 years old should be getting mammograms due to age and changes in the body.

Women under the age of 50 should ask a doctor and see if they should be getting any exams.

Pap smears are for women 21 years or older and women who feel or can see changes in the cervix area.

Prostate Exams are tested on men usually 50 or older but it depends on the situation, if he is younger than 50 and is having trouble urinating then he may get examined.

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