The Purpose of Government in Rome
By: Skyler Centrello
Background Information about Rome
Background Information About Roman Government
Ancient Rome started around 753 BCE and lasted until 476 CE. This city started with a mythical story and was first ruled by a monarchy. Under the kings who ruled at first, Rome grew rapidly. They became richer, trade grew, and had many expensive items throughout their city. Though, Rome was not always like this. Over time kings ruled badly aristocrats rebelled. Ancient Rome was also divided into branches and classes, which meant they were no longer a monarchy. They became a republic. As time passed the republic became more and more powerful. A man named Julius Caesar took over and named himself dictator for life. This took away all that Rome was working for. This is what led them into an empire. Caesar’s heir took the throne, installing a new form of government. Augustus Caesar made himself have supreme authority, so the Popular Assembly could only give him advice. This angered the plebeians, but Caesar also made their life better. He created more jobs for the people and built new roads. Eventually, Rome was split into two parts because it was expanding and becoming weaker. Many fights occurred on the borders in which weakened Rome. Sadly, the empire then fell in 476 CE.
These kings were the people who ruled the monarchy.
The Rebellion of the Aristocrats
This rebellion stopped the monarchy and the start of the republic.
Caesar took over and ended the republic. He made himself dictator for life.
Think about the government today in the US. Imagine a life without a strong, powerful system. Where would we be? What would we do? There is a very important purpose to the government today. Because of our system we have freedom, protection, and rights. Today we have freedom of speech, press, religion, and assembly. We also have protection from our troops and unreasonable search. We also have the right to vote and to be payed for our work. All of these things are the main reasons for our government. But there was also a big purpose of government in Ancient Rome.
The government in ancient Rome helped the city expand and become more successful. It also protected them from invaders. Without the government they would not have been able to expand, be protected, or even become successful. The purpose of government during the republic was to create separation of power, to install the Twelve Tables as the foundation of Roman law, and to give people the authority to run government and make laws. The purpose pf government during the empire was to go through the Pax Romana, give good things to the people, and to provide protection.