Andrew Jackson

By: Elizabeth Missiaen

Andrew Jackson's Early Years

Andrew Jackson's parents came to America two years before his birth, from Scottish-Irish and shortly after Andrew was born, the Revolutionary War began. He was captured by the British and nearly killed. When he and his brother were in prison, they both came down with small pox. Their mother released the boys, but his brother died on the way home. The rest of his family had also died, and Jackson was orphaned at age 14. However, it seems like Jackson got lucky, and cheated death twice in his early life.

He was a teacher then, he went to law school to become a lawyer at only 17 years old. He pretended to be a clerk for a lawyer in North Carolina in return for access of books. He accepted a job of a prosecutor after a couple years of practicing law in North Carolina.

Andrew Jackson's Military Life

Andrew Jackson was a major General in the War of 1812. He was the commander of U.S forces in a campaign against the "Creek Indians", who sided with the British. The creek war had been led by Shawnee leader Tecumseh, who defended the British because they wanted to keep their land and traditions. Jackson won the battle on March 27, 1814. He forced the Creeks to sign a treaty in August that said half of the Indians territory will be given to the U.S.

Jackson also led American forces to the victory over the British at the battle of New Orleans. The victory really occurred after the war was over, because the Treaty of Ghent (which ended the war of 1812) was signed 2 weeks in advanced to the Battle of New Orleans, but word got delayed. However, after the victory, Jackson was known as a war hero. At the Battle of New Orleans, there were roughly 2000 British causalities while the U.S only had roughly 70. The battle marked the last attempt by any foreign nation to invade the United States.

*Below is a picture of the Battle of New Orleans led by Andrew Jackson

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Andrew Jackson's Presidency

Jackson was nominated for president by some powerful friends in 1822 even though the election wasn't for two more years. At the 1824 election he lost against John Quincy. Still determined to win, Jackson spent the next three years campaigning for the next presidential election. His hard work paid off, and he became the 7th president of the United States in 1829. Right before Jackson moved into the white house, his wife Rachel had died.

Jackson's party had become known as the democratic party, and John Quincy's known as the republican party. The election of 1832 was the first election where they used National Party Conventions. In 1832 Jackson ran against Henry Clay. The main campaign issue of this election was the Bank of the United States. Jackson won with 55% popular votes and 219/286 electoral votes.

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My Reaction

I think Andrew Jackson had made a huge impact on America's history. He fought the war of 1812 strongly, and is known as a hero. If someone else would have been the general, who knows what would have happened at that war. Also, I feel like Andrew Jackson is a really mentally strong person as well, considering his childhood, the death his whole family, and the death of his wife. He went through with taking the role of the president even when the worst in his life was occurring. If someone I loved died right before a big event like that, I don't know how I would have responded, but probably not well. I believe he showed pride in our country as was a great leader. To me, his determination really showed while researching about him, and seems like it inspired many people, and still does today.

Works Cited (Pictures)