Greece golden age
Ancient Greece golden age
The golden age comes from a legend and is the first of a sequence of four or five ages of man, in which the golden age is first. The ages of man are the different stages of human existence on the earth according to Greek mythology. Ancient Greece is a collection of city-states.
Three areas that Ancient Greece excelled in
Ancient Greece produced some of the greatest accomplishments in the western tradition and inspired European and American styles of civilization, art and government. Greek leaders put in place laws and changed government structures to be more democratic. The leaders were Solon and Pericles. Solon introduced economic reform to forgive the debts of the lower class and that provided much needed economic equality. The change from aristocratic leaders to more democratic leaderships happened after urgings from an aristocrat named Cleisthenes, who encouraged wider civic involvement in government. Pericles moved these initial reforms forward by encouraging equal rights for all free citizens. Although not all people were able to vote in Ancient Greece, woman, slaves and make Athenians who did not live within the city limits of Athens created the first recorded stirrings of democracy
Individuals that excelled in Ancient Greece
Socrates was a Classical Greek philosopher credited as one of the founders of Western philosophy. He is an enigmatic figure known chiefly through the accounts of classical writers, especially the writings of his students Plato and Xenophon and the plays of his contemporary Aristophanes. Plato's dialogues are among the most comprehensive accounts of Socrates to survive from antiquity, though it is unclear the degree to which Socrates himself is "hidden".
Aristotle was a Greek philosopher and scientist born in Stagira Chalkidiki next to the Macedonian Kingdom in the north part of the Greek world. His father, Nicomachus, died when Aristotle was a child, whereafter Proxenus of Atarneus became his guardian. At eighteen, he joined Plato's Academy in Athens and remained there until the age of thirty-seven. His writings cover many subjects – including physics, biology, zoology, metaphysics, logic, ethics, aesthetics, poetry, theater, music, rhetoric, linguistics, politics and government – and constitute the first comprehensive system of Western philosophy. Shortly after Plato died, Aristotle left Athens and, at the request of Philip of Macedon, tutored Alexander the Great. According to the Encyclopedia Britaanica Aristotle was the first genuine scientist in history ... and every scientist is in his debt.
Solon was the first of the Athenian poets whose work has survived to the present day. His verses have come down to us in fragmentary quotations by ancient authors such as Plutarch and Demosthenes who used them to illustrate their own arguments. It is possible that some fragments have been wrongly attributed to him and some scholars have detected interpolations by later authors. He was also the first citizen of Athens to reference the goddess Athena.
The Golden Age of Ancient Greece