Abolishing Apartheid

Michal Thompson

What Is Apartheid?

  • Apartheid (in South Africa) is the separation of whites and non-whites

People Involved

  • Bantu
A large group who lived all over Africa and spoke the Bantu language. Bantu means "people".



  • Afrikaners
The South Africans who were dominant and controlled politics and agriculture before 1994. Mostly of Dutch descent (whites).

ANC

Though it was established in 1912,the African National Congress is the leading democratic group since 1994 after the end of apartheid. They helped organize bus boycotts,protest, and Mandela speeches along with encourage citizens to pressure the South African government to change. This was part of the "Programme of Action" that was established. Although the ANC stayed nonviolent, they did break laws such as breaking curfew, entering white only areas, and traveling without their passes. The ANC was a liberal organization that contributed at a national level to put a stop to the oppression by leading the struggle for change.

Nelson mandela

Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela was the first post-apartheid president of South Africa, but was a great support during the time. He was a central figure in the struggle against the racial regime over the Bantu. Although he spent 27 of the 40 years in prison, he was still an inspirational symbol to all. As a member of the ANC, Mandela was a global activist for human rights. Through peaceful protest, Nelson effected the way many political powers along with regular citizens thought of apartheid. When he became president, he created a multi-ethnic gov't to oversee the country's transition to a real democratic society. Even after his death in 2013, this Nobel Peace Prize winner is still a figure of freedom today.
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f. w. de klerk

De Klerk was the last president during the apartheid era and was in cahoots with Madela to successfully aid the end of racial separation in south Africa. Based on his "one person, one vote" principle, he worked on establishing an anti-apartheid constitution. By permitting the ANC along with other political groups and releasing Mandela and his fellow political prisoners, De Klerk was inevitably getting one step closer to equal freedom. Without his help, the Bantu as a people might not have gotten their balanced opportunity as "quickly".
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Bio

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