by: Lucciano Fernandes-Rubinos
My ancestors country
My ancestors country is Peru, my grandparents were born in Lima the capital of Peru. This city is located in the central coast of Peru, next to the Pacific Ocean. My great grandparents were born in the capital also(Lima).They worked in a textile industry together that participated in the 8-hour day movement, which means the worked for eight hours, had free time for 8 hours and rested for 8 hours.
In Peru the official language is Spanish but in the Sierra they speak Quechua and Aimara, I know some words also some words like:
- ama sua = don't be a robber
- ama llulla = don't be a liar
- ama quella = don't be lazy
The Incas Empire they used these three words like laws to guarantee the good behavior of the people.
Peru has a democratic government, the president is Ollanta Humala. The principal industries are:
- mining (gold, silver, zinc, lead,oil, and gas)
- fishing, Peru is the number 1 producer of fish flour in the world.
- agriculture-Peru produces more than 4,000 varieties of potatoes, quinoa, asparagus, corn, tomatoes, strawberry, rice, and a big variety of fruit and vegetables.
And in Spanish there is hola(hello) you may know that but there are other words like:
. bandera = flag
. playa = beach
. montana = mountain
. pais = country
. adios = bye
. arena = sand
. rio = river
Peruvian flag, map, and history
The first flag of the Republic of Peru was created by General Jose San Martin de Porres , and officially decreed on 21 October 1820.The flag was actually from flamingos, in a war that was happening at the time the leader ( Jose Martin de Porres ) he woke up and found perihuanas ( red-winged white-breast flamingos ). Meaning of the colors: Red represents the blood that was spilled for the fight for independence, and white represents peace and bravery. It has three different things in the middle; a vicuna , a tree, and a cornucopia. They each mean different things, the vicuna is for the variety of animals in Peru. The tree is for all the vegetation there is. A the cornucopia is for all the gold there is in Peru.
There are lots of famous places like Machu Picchu in the city of Cuzco, it is one of the 7 wonders of the world, located 2,430 metres (7,970 feet) above sea level. It was the most important city in the time of the Incas empire. The second place is Arequipa, located in southern Peru, and its very important because of the industries there are and this city has the biggest volcano in South America, "The Misti" located 5,822 meters (19,101 feet) above sea level. An other important city is Cerro de Pasco is in central Peru, located at the top of the Andean mountains. At 4,330 metres (14,210 ft) elevation, it is one of the highest cities in the world,has an Alpine Climate, The city has humid summers, dry winters and chilly to cold temperatures throughout the year. Snowfalls can occur sometimes. It is connected by road and by rail to the capital Lima, as far as 300 km.
PERU'S TUMI (its supposed to be a knife)
The Tumi is a sacrificial ceremonial axe characterized by a semi-circular blade, made of either bronze, copper, gold-alloy, wood, or silver alloy. It is usually made of one piece and used by some Inca and Pre-Inca Cultures in the Peruvian Coastal Region. In Andean mythology, other Andean cultures have used the tumi for the neurological procedure of skull trepanation. Many of these operations were carefully performed, suggesting that the surgery was done for the relief of some body passing other than that associated with injury, maybe an organic or mental condition.In modern Peru, to hang a tumi on a wall means good luck. The tumi is the national symbol of Peru and has become a symbol used in Peruvian tourism publicity.
PERU'S TUMI (its supposed to be a knife)
My favorite food (Peruvian food) is Ceviche it is made with fish, crawfish, lime, and some dressings and it sometimes comes with sweet potato, lettuce, and corn.
There is a variety of food in Peru, because Peru has 3 different regions and they all have different animals, food, and weather. Some foods have funny names like:
- papa a la Huancaina
- Causa Limena