Biotechnology

Taylor Wind

What is Biotechnology?

Biotechnology is the ability to produce an increased amount of agricultural products to sustain life. Biotechnology is the blending of biology and technology in order to bring better processes to humankind.

Role of DNA in Biotechnology

Every living thing contains DNA. DNA allow scientists to detect genetic disorders, produce DNA fingerprints, create organisms, and so much more. Scientist are able to do so much more with modern biotechnology and can find more information and important research using DNA. Human and other genes are put into bacteria to create a diagnosis. Biotechnology involves putting genes in viruses or bacteria.

How is biotechnology used in DNA testing?

Biotechnology allows us to perform DNA tests to determine paternity, to find out the chance of a child having a genetic disorder, and to find a missing person, or find out a murder case. Test are normally done on a sample of blood, hair, skin, or tissue. You use technology to determine all of those things above.

How is Biotechnology used in health industry in making medicines like penicillin and insulin?

Modern biotechnology is being used in many areas of medicine to determine genetic origins of disease, producing organs, and more. Biotechnology is used in finding diagnosis for diseases and for creating vaccines.Modern biotechnology can be used to manufacture existing medicines like penicillin and insulin.

How is biotechnology used in agriculture?

"Biotechnology provides farmers with tools that can make production cheaper and more manageable." Genetically engineered plants are also being developed so they can absorb polluting substances out of the soil so they can be harvested and disposed safely. Biotechnology can also be used to conserve natural resources, and decrease runoff into rivers and bays. Biotechnology can help produce more plant species and preserve plant species.

How is biotechnology used in environmental clean up?

Bio remediation is using microbes to clean up oil or chemical spills. Microbes break down many chemicals in the environment. An example of using biotechnology to clean up is a sewage treatment plant. Sewage treatment plants help clean up the chemicals before they reach bodies of water.

What are the potential negative impacts of biotechnology?

New technology brings with it both benefits and costs. The more powerful the technology is, the more exacting the price we will be forced to pay. It may also present new threats to human health."It certainly challenges many human values and beliefs." In genetic engineering there are many possibilities that these genes may combine with other genes.

Biochemist

Biochemist are scientist trained in biochemistry. Biochemists study chemical processes and chemical transformations in living organisms. Some biochemists study DNAs, proteins and cell parts. Biochemist also study the effects of products as in food additives and medicines. The most common industry role is the development of biochemical products and processes, but they mostly focus on improving the qualities of lives.

The North Caroline Biotechnology center focusing mainly on advancing in biotechnology which is located in Durham, North Carolina.

A Sampling of Companies that Thrive in North Carolina according to http://www.thrivenc.com/biotechnology/companies-in-north-carolina


  • Andersen Scientific, Haw River
  • Archer Daniels Midland, Southport
  • Baxter, Marion
  • Bayer Crop Science, Research Triangle Park
  • Biogen IDEC, Research Triangle Park
  • DSM Pharmaceuticals, Greenville
  • Fujifilm Diosynth Biotechnologies, Morrisville, Research Triangle Park and Cary
  • GlaxoSmithKline, Research Triangle Park
  • Grifols, Research Triangle Park and Clayton
  • Harmony Labs, Landis
  • LabCorp, Burlington, Greenville, Kinston and Research Triangle Park
  • Merck & Co, Durham
  • Merz Pharmaceuticals, Greensboro
  • National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, Research Triangle Park
  • Novartis, Wilson, Holly Springs and Greensboro
  • Novo Nordisk, Clayton
  • Novozymes North America Inc., Franklinton
  • Pfizer, Sanford
  • Pfizer Animal Health Division, Research Triangle Park
  • PharmaCore, High Point
  • PPD, Wilmington, Morrisville and Durham
  • Quintiles, Durham

North Carolina's national rank in biotechnology

North Carolina ranks fourth for their national rank in biotechnology.

California ranks first with 410 biotechnology companies. Massachuettes ranks second with 210 biotechnology companies. Maryland ranks third with 95 biotechnology companies.North Carolina ranks fourth with 87 biotechnolgy companies. Pennsylvania ranks fifth with 71 biotechnology companies. New Jersey ranks sixth with 69 biotechnology companies. New York ranks seventh with 68 biotechnology companies. Washiongton ranks eight with 41 biotechnology companies. Georgia ranks ninth with 37 biotechnology companies. Texas ranks tenth with 36 biotechnology companies.