American Revolution

by jacob astren

activity one important people/events of the american revolution

george washington

By the time the Second Continental Congress convened a year later the American revolution had begun in earnest, and Washington was named commander in chief of the Continental Army. His troops were poorly trained and lacked food, ammunition and other supplies However Washington was able to give them the direction and motivation to keep going. Over the long eight year war the colonial forces won few battles but consistently held up against the British. In October 1781, with the help of the French the Continental forces were able to capture British troops under General Charles Cornwallis 1738-1805 in Yorktown. This action effectively ended the Revolutionary War and Washington was declared a national hero.

sons of liberty

Sons of liberty is an organized group American patriots dedicated to resisting British taxes and trading restrictions willing to resort to violence the first protest was the burning of the British ship Gaspee in 1772 which was used in British trade.

benjamin franklin

Benjamin franklin is the jack of all trades. No other man has done so many things as good as him. When he was 70 years old he signed the declaration of independence.

thomas jefferson

Jefferson was the 3rd president of the united states. he led the american to their independents. After fight for the Americans Thomas became a legendary lawyer

john adams

John Adams was, along with Thomas Jefferson one of only two signers of the Declaration of Independence later to become the second president of the united states of america.

boston massacre

The Boston Massacre occurred on March 5 1770. A squad of British soldiers come to support a sentry who was being pressed by a heckling snowballing crowd let loose a volley of shots. Three persons were killed immediately and two died later of their wounds among the victims was Crispus Attucks a man of black or Indian parentage. The British officer in charge Capt. Thomas Preston was arrested for manslaughter along with eight of his men all were later acquitted. The Boston Massacre is remembered as a key event in helping to galvanize the colonial public to the Patriot cause.

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boston tea party

In 1773 Americans dressed as monks boarded the British ship they destroyed the fortune by throwing tea into the harbor as a way to protest the tea as tax still protested by the British Indian company which led to the American Revolution.

stamp act

The Stamp Act of 1765 was the first internal tax levied directly on American colonists by the British government. The act which imposed a tax on all paper documents in the colonies came at a time when the British Empire was deep in debt from the Seven Years War 1756-1763 and looking to its North American colonies as a revenue source.

intolerable acts

On May 10, 1773 Parliament passed the Tea Act with the goal of helping the struggling British East India Company. Prior to the passage of the law the company had been required to sell its tea through London where it was taxed and had to pay duty. Under the new legislation, the company would be permitted to sell tea directly to the colonies without the additional cost. As a result tea prices in America would be reduced with only the Townshend tea duty assessed.

quebec act

The Quebec Act satisfied the Canadian inhabitants of Quebec and some of the demands of the British merchants but did not lead to representative government. In the thirteen colonies however the Quebec Act was quickly denounced as one of the intolerable acts objecting to the limits it set on westward expansion. British merchants in Quebec continued to demand representative government through a house of assembly
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activity two 8 battle summaries of the american revolution

1775 Battle of Bunker (Breeds) Hill

This war was important victory for the US war of independence. This battle made both sides realize that this was not going to be a matter decided on by one quick and decisive battle. The battle took place in Charlestown, Massachusetts. Battle started when the colonists learned about the British plan to occupy Dorchester Heights.

1775 Battle of Lexington and Concord

The battle of Lexington and concord was the first "military engagement" of the American Revolution. The battle took place in Middlesex county, province of Massachusetts Bay, and within the towns of Lexington, Concord, Lincoln, Menotomy and Cambridge, near Boston. The US colonies won the battle leaving great Britain with 174 injured 73 dead and 53 captured.

1776 Battle of Trenton

Took place in New Jersey. The troops suffered a want of clothing and sense of defeat which quickly translated into high sickness and deseration rates. It was a demoralized army that unraveled in retrear even the commander was upset over " a noble cause lost".

1777 Battle of Oriskany

The design was to cut New England off from the other states and to seize the country between the hudson and Lake Ontario as the vantage ground for sweeping and decisive operations. This battle was for the continent. the strategy embraced the lines from Boston to the mouth of Chesapeake and from Montreal even to Charleston.

1777 Battle of Brandywine

This was a critical time for George Washington; He was just defeated in New York and morale was very low. The victory was essential to give the soldiers hope that a rag tag group of soldiers could indeed be victorious in their struggle for independence.

1780 Capture of Savannah

The american commander Brigadier General Robert Howe of North Carolina made a feeble attempt to defend the city. But the american defense was broken due to near by british troops. with the loss of 550 out of 700 of his soldiers, Howe was forced to retire into South Carolina.

1780 Battle of Kings Mountain

Not determined on an exact location but it was supposedly near North Carolina. They fought for the one and a quarter miles of land that was in between North and South Carolina because it was strategic land. Great Britain won the battle, therefore, they also won the land.

1781 Battle of Cowpens

Decisive victory by American Revolutionary forces under General Daniel Morgan. It was a turning point in the reconquest of South Carolina from the British. Great Britain also won this battle.

major battle - bunker hill

its kinda a trick question as to where this battle took place since the battle actually took place mostly on breeds hill because they thought that they were on bunker hill. this should be the battle of Williams not bunker hill since the British were led by general Williams and the Americans were led by colonel Williams. also lading patriots was Dr Joseph Warren and he was killed during the battle. this battle all started because the British wanted to gain ground over the Americans so they could bomb them. although the Americans lost the battle of bunker hill they gained courage knowing the the could stand up to the British in battle. the Americans army grey soon after the battle and every one seeing the Americans had a fighting chance against the British.

activity three - out comes of the American Revolution

Treaty of Paris 1783

The treaty of Paris was signed by US and British representatives on September 3, 1783, ending the Revolutionary war. It was based on a preliminary treaty agreed to in 1782. This document recognized the independence of the United States and granted the US significant western territories. Other important provisions established US boundaries, specified certain fishing rights, allowed creditors of each country to be paid by citizens of the other, restored the rights and property of loyalists, opened up the Mississippi River to citizens of both nations.

the treaty was signed by John Jay, Benjamin Franklin and John Adams who negotiated the treaty for the US, and by David Hartley, members of the House of Commons, representing King George III.

Decleration of Independence

The declaration of independence was the founding document of the American political tradition. its made up of three parts- the famous preamble, a list of charges against King George III and a conclusion. The list of charges against the King present examples of violations of those principles. The document stated that all men are equal, and everyone had a right to happiness and to live their lives freely. Jefferson described the deceleration as " An expression of the American mind".

Global Impact

These two documents showed that other colonies could gain independence. It also showed that the British weren't unstoppable anymore.

activity four - central question

central question

i believe the he American revolution and was justified because it set the starting ground for a lot of important things that we value to day such as government, freedom, having a say in things going on in our country. the American revolution began because the Americans wanted to know why their taxes were so much and where their money was going towards. in 1773 Americans dressed as monks and boarded a British ship to throw all the tea into the harbor to protest as a sign of their taxes still protected by the British Indian company witch led to the American revolution
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This picture shows the battle of Yorktown. It shows the US colonies and the French surrounding the British. This is when Cornwallis surrendered to them and ended the final major battle of the Revolutionary War.