Israel and the Religious Struggle
Fight for Jurusalem
Tensions between Islam and Judaism
Israel was created as a homeland for the Jews after WWII but this angered the people who already lived in the area the Palestinians and also their Muslim neighbors. The day it declared statehood Israel was attacked by its Islamic neighbors, this was the first of many wars to come. a large amount of the these were led by Egypt. The most successful of these attacks was led by Anwar Sadat who attacked Israel on Yom Kippur, holiest of Jewish holidays, on 1967, this attack caused massive casualties and led to a counter attack by Israel.
In 1964 the PLO (Palestine Liberation Organization) formed to push for the formation of an Arab Palestine that included Israel. Its chairman in 1969 Yasir Arafat performed many terrorist attacks on Israel and many of Israel's neighbors supported this group.
After Golda Meir (the prime minister of Israel) counter attacked to regain lost land and even more deaths occurred both sides decided that a truce should come about. Four years after the war Anwar Sadat performed a shocking act by offering a peace treaty and recognition of it as a country in exchange for territory taken from Egypt and also the recognition of Palestinian rights.
U.S. Steps in To Help
Upon the U.S. hearing that Egypt and Israel wished to be at peace president Jimmy Carter jumped to help with the agreement. In 1978 Carter invited Sadat and then Israeli prime minister Menachem Begin to a presidential retreat called Camp David were for thirteen days of negotiations took place to create the Camp David Accords witch ended the war between Israel and Egypt. Yet while the treaty worked some Muslim extremists were enraged by what had been done and assassinated president Sadat. He was succeeded by Hosni Mubarak who also tried to keep peace.
The Intifada and Palistinean Hate
Even after the treaty many other groups of Arabs still disliked Israel. The one that truly gave them trouble however were the Palestinians who were angered that land owned by Israel had a huge amount of Palestinians there (the Gaza Strip and West Bank) and so the PLO attacked hoping to take back those territories and hurt Israel. The fighting soon led to military action on both sides and a intifada (uprising). The Intifada led to massive amounts of violent anti-Israel demonstrations from boycotts to shootings.
The First Intifada in Gaza, 1987-1993
Oslo Peace Accords
For a while negotiations for peace between the two sides were making little progress until in 1993 when the negotiations were held in secret at Oslo, Norway, to make the Oslo Peace Accords. This agreement had Israel give control of the Gaza Strip and the West Bank to the Palestinians in exchange for peace and recognition as a country. Prime minister of Israel Yitzhak Rabin and Arafat signed the treaty. However the treaty was not a success and Palestinian terrorist attacks still occurred and Rabin was assassinated by a right-wing Jewish extremist.
The Second Intifada and even More Turmol
As tension grew ,yet again, between the two groups so did hostility. This hostility brought on the second intifada, this time escalating to attacking Jewish Settlements and even suicide bombings. This led to a war that sucked in the U.S. and that kept alive the embers of hat between these two groups.
Mid East War Second Intifada