Social-Emotional Development

DeDe Charles


  • The way children react to their environment
  • Factor-passivity,irrability, and activity patterns
  • Passivity refers to how actively involved a child is with his or her environment
  • Irritability is the childs tendencies to feel distressed
  • Activity patterns refer to how much a child moves


  • The strong emotional connection that develops between people
  • Many infants become attached to a small group of people who most likely take care of them
  • Infants get anxiety at an early age
  • Separation Anxiety-when a child protests because their caregiver is leaving

-first signs start at 6 months

-by 15 moths anxiety is very strong

  • Children between 9 and 18 months will have problems beginning a child care program because of this (to prevent bring childs favorite toy or blanket)

Changes Over Time

Differences in Age Groups

Birth to Three Months

  • refined emotions
  • distress shown by crying

Three to Six Months

  • responds with smiles and laughter
  • makes happy sounds
  • tears while crying (different cries)

Six to Twelve Months

  • active with caregivers
  • expresses joy and happiness
  • separation anxiety begins to show

Twelve to Twenty-Four Months

  • become upset of something that might happen in the future
  • more interested in exploring
  • take interest in other children, doesn't interact as much though
  • more aware of abilities
  • more self-aware