Reforms in the 19th century

Susi Escamilla

Temperance

Movement to reduce the use of alcoholic beverages. Alcohol linked to sickness, poverty, and breakup of families.

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Women's Rights

From abolition to education, women worked actively in all reform movements. Throughout the 1880's opportunity for women to become educated increased.
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Abolition

Movement to free African Americans from slavery. Leader was a white radical named William Lloyd Garrison.

Frederick Douglass : African American leader, escaped from bandage and became an eloquent abolitionist leader. He also began an anti-slavery newspaper called "North Star"

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Prison Reform

Dorothea Dix was the greatest reformer from prisoners and the mentally ill. They wanted to create seperate facilities for both. By the time of Dorothea death, 100 facilities were established in the US.
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Educational Reform

They wanted to improve public schools. Horace Mann was the greatest reform leader in education. He established teacher training programs, improved curriculum, and he doubled the money.
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