Heart Failure

By: Jazmin Ramirez

What is Heart Failure?

Sometimes known as congestive heart failure, it occurs when your heart muscle doesn't pump blood as well as it should. Certain conditions, such as narrowed arteries in your heart (coronary artery disease) or high blood pressure, gradually leave your heart too weak or stiff to fill and pump efficiently.
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What are the symptoms?

Symptoms include:

-Shortness of breath when you exert yourself or when you lie down

-Fatigue and weakness

-Swelling in your legs, ankles and feet

-Rapid or irregular heartbeat

-Reduced ability to exercise

-Persistent cough or wheezing with pink or white-blood-tinged phlegm

-Increased need to urinate at night

-Swelling of abdomen

-Lack of appetite and nausea

-Sudden severe shortness of breath and coughing up pink foamy mucus

-Chest pain (if caused by heart attack)


Heart Failure often develops after other conditions have damaged or weakened your heart. However, it can also occur if the heart become too stiff.

Risk Factors

A single risk factor can be enough to cause heart failure, but a combination of factors also increases it. Some factors include:

-High blood pressure (your heart works harder)

-Coronary artery disease (narrowed arteries may limit your heart's supply of oxygen)

-Alcohol use (drinking too much alcohol can weaken heart muscles)

-Diabetes (increases your risk of high blood pressure and coronary artery disease


So, what can I do to prevent Heat Failure?

Lifestyle changes you can make:

-Not smoking

-Controlling certain, such as high blood pressure and diabetes

-Staying physically active

-Eating healthy foods

-Maintaining a healthy weight

-Reducing and managing stress

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