CULTURE

During the 1990s

Electronic age

Internet timeline

1990:

ARPANET, thought outdated and obsolete is decommissioned.

Tim Berners-Lee, Robert Cailliau, and other CERN scientists begin to create the first actual incarnation of the World Wide Web. They developed the HTML and URL. URL and HTML significantly increased the possibility of interaction between users and networks across the Internet.
1991:

Senator Al Gore sponsors the High Performance Computing Act which establishes the National Research and Education Network.
1993:

Both the U.S and the U.N go online and develop an official internet presence.
1994:

Jeff Bezos designs the business plan for Amazon.com.
1995:

Microsoft Windows 95 is launched.

Official launch of the online bookstore Amazon.com, the internet search engine Yahoo, online auction site Ebay, the Internet Explorer web browser by Microsoft, and the creation by Sun Microsystems of the Java programming language which allows for the programming of animation on websites giving rise to a new level of internet interactivity.
1996:

The United States Congress passes the Communications Decency Act which is seen as a direct assault by censors on the ideals of free speech and information as promoted online. Congress passes the act in response to perceived public concern over the increased availability of pornography and other graphic and controversial matter made possible by the spread of the internet and cyberspace. The Communications Decency Act or Telecommunications Reform Act was an attempt by the US government to extend congressional oversight of laws aimed at regulated radio and television to the internet. John Perry Barlow responds with his now famous essay A Declaration of Independence for Cyberspace. Barlows essay is an impassioned declaration of cyberspace and the internet as realms of freedom and liberty that is not subject to the authority of national governments.
1998:

Google Inc. is founded by Sergey Brin and Larry Page to promote and oversee their new search engine which will rival yahoo.
1999:

The dawn of internet music and video piracy controversies rises with the introduction of the Napster file-sharing software by Shawn Fanning, a college student. During the same year, the Internet encounters the first malicious computer virus capable of automatically copying and sending itself to all email addresses listed in an infected users address book.

The Y2K Scare

media

Television

The most popular TV series(IMDb):

1. Seinfeld

2. Twin Peaks

3. The X- FIles

4. Buffy the Vampire Slayer

5. Friends

6. Highlander

7. Party of Five

8. Tales from the Crypt

9. 3rd Rock from the Sun

10. That '70s Show

11. Beverly Hills, 90210

12. Melrose Place

13. Dawson's Creek

14. Xena: Warrior Princess

15. Hercules

16. NYPD Blue

17. Renegade

18. Walker, Texas Ranger

19. ER

20. Charmed

Movies

Top 20 best films(IMDb):

1. Goodfellas

2. Pulp Fiction

3. Toy Story 2

4. Dazed And Confused

5. Chungking Express

6. Out of Sight

7. Reservoir Dogs

8. Unforgiven

9. Rushmore

10. Being John Malkovich

11. Barton Fink

12. Miller's Crossing

13. Boogie Nights

14. Hoop Dreams

15. Groundhog Day

16. The Big Lebowinski

17. Safe

18. Schindler's List

19. Exotica

20. Red

FAShion

grunge

Grunge fashion consisted of plaid, flannel, browns, greens and indigos. The baggier the better as fitted was out and sloppy was in. Women's Grunge fashion trend saw the exit of short spunky hair styles and tight perms and the entrance of long, straggled straight or wavy hair. Tight jeans were no longer the fad but instead it was loose ripped and dirty jeans. Doc Martens, work boots, or any other thick soled shoe was the hot ticket for both men and women attempting to pull off the Grunge look.

Preppy

khaki was definitely the easiest fashion trend of the 90's. The Gap was one of the hottest places to shop. The preppy look focused more on a toned back, minimalist look. Unlike the 80's, more sedated tones often consisting of your most basic whites and blacks were in. While other 90's fashions revolved around baggier fits, the Preppy look was more fitting.

Hip hop

Hip Hop fashion in the 90's took on several different forms. Will Smith, orThe Fresh Prince, sported a more flamboyant look. Bright colorful track jackets, big jewelry, throwback jerseys, and baseball caps were a very popular trend in the 90's for hip hop artist and fans alike. 90's hip hop also stuck to the trend of baggy clothes. Baggy jeans and khakis were both very popular back then. While artists such as Will Smith and Flavor Flav went for the more colorful look, rappers like Dr. Dre and Snoop Dogg started off the early 90's with more of a Grunge look with a gangster twist. Plaid or dark baggy shirts paired with baggy jeans or khakis was very much the style for many rappers. As the 90's progressed brands such as Tommy Hilfiger became increasingly popular and jewelry trends began to shift away from the 80's gold look and more towards platinum and silver.


Trends

Denim overalls

Hammer pants

High-wasted jeans

Fanny packs

jeans jackets

Hawaiian shirts

Birkenstock sandals

Gangsta bandannas

Chain wallets

Starter jackets

Choker chains

Tommy Hilfiger

Umbro, Scrunchies

No Fear shirts

Fashion in the 90's

slang

Top ten most used slang of the '90s:

1. peace out

2. mega

3. it's all good

4. da bomb

5. phat

6. dawg

7. as if

8. my bad

9. mot or psyche

10. whatever

music

Popular music in the 1990s saw the continuation of teen pop and dance-pop trends which had emerged in the 1970s and 1980s. Furthermore, hip hop grew and continued to be highly successful in the decade, with the continuation of the genre's golden age. Aside from rap, contemporary R&B and urban music in general remained extremely popular throughout the decade; urban music in the late-1980s and 1990s often blended with styles such as soul, funk and jazz, resulting in fusion of genres such as new jack swing, neo-soul, and hip hop soul. Similarly to the 1980s, rock music was also very popular in the 1990s, yet, unlike the New Wave and glam metal-dominated scene of the time, grunge, Britpop, industrial rock and other alternative rock music emerged and took over as the most popular of the decade, as well as pop punk, ska punk and nu-metal, amongst others, which attained a high level of success at different points throughout the years. Electronic music, which had risen in popularity in the 1980s, grew highly popular in the 1990s; house and techno from the 1980s rose to international success in this decade, as well as new EDM genres such as trance, drum and bass, intelligent dance and trip hop. The decade also featured the rise of contemporary country music as a major genre, which had started in the 1980s.






sports

Basketball

In what most experts and analysts call the "golden age of basketball" the 1990s was graced by some amazing players. From Michael Jordan to Karl Malone to David Robinson, the 1990s brought fans some of the greatest individual and team matchups in the history of the game. In a decade filled with Hall of Famers and NBA legends many basketball players emerged. Notable to sports was Michael Jordan who in the 1990s was a Six-time NBA Champion, Six-time NBA Finals MVP, Four-time NBA MVP, Seven-time NBA All-Star, Two-time NBA All-Star Game MVP, Seven-time NBA Scoring Champion, Two-time NBA Steals Champion, Seven-time All-NBA First Team, and Seven-time NBA All-Defensive First Team. Earvin “Magic” Johnson is another notable figure, as he admitted to being HIV-positive. It was a gutsy move for the early ‘90s, one that forced him into early retirement and turned him into an entrepreneur investing in LA-area properties and franchises. These giants’ exits paved the way for younger athletes, like Kobe Bryant, who entered the league in 1996 at the ripe old age of 18.

Football

The NFL had people glued to their television sets on Sundays for many an epic battle on the gridiron. The ‘90s was the decade when the Dallas Cowboys were “America’s Team.” From 1990 to 1999, Dallas qualified for the playoffs eight times, won six division titles, made four trips to the conference championship game and won three Super Bowls. Their biggest rival team, the San Francisco 49ers, trailed right behind, winning two Super Bowls (1990 and 1994). Men like Troy Aikman, Jerry Rice, Emmitt Smith and Michael Irvin made the magic happen, while legends such as Steve Young, Barry Sanders and Joe Montana (and his exit from the league) made headlines.

Baseball

Before the steroid scandals and congressional hearings, the men of the ’90s were compared to greats like Babe Ruth and Roger Maris. Nicknamed the Summer of Long Balls and Love, in 1998, Mark McGwire and Sammy Sosa began a friendly competition for home run record dominance. McGwire won the title, amassing a record-shattering 70 home runs during that season. Sosa valiantly earned 66 runs, which also landed him a National League MVP award. But only three seasons later, Barry Bonds beat McGwire’s record. New kids on the block Derek Jeter and Alex Rodriguez have since risen to baseball greatness.

Hockey

The NHL had its own King of the Ice, Wayne Gretzky, who was named the Greatest Hockey Player of All Time by The Hockey News in 1998. Known for winning four Stanley Cups with his former hockey team, the Edmonton Oilers, in the ’80s, Gretzky took the Los Angeles Kings to their first playoff games in the early ’90s. Over the course of his career, Gretzky won nine Hart Trophies as the NHL’s MVP, four Art Ross awards and accumulated over 3,000 game points and 894 goals. The “Great One” still holds 61 NHL records.

Track & Field

Before Usain Bolt, Michael Johnson was the man with the golden feet. Johnson set new world records for the men’s 200-meter race (19.32 seconds) and the men’s 400-meter race (43.49 seconds) at the 1996 Olympic Games in Atlanta. The games, however, were almost overshadowed by calamity when a terrorist bomb exploded at Centennial Olympic Park, injuring hundreds of spectators during the festivities. But the show went on, and the world turned tragedy into triumph.