Types of Residential Locks
Keep Your Home Safe
In order to keep your home safe when you are away, a good residential door lock is ideal. There are several options to choose from. Some homeowners elect to have two types of locks on the doors for extra security. If you find that you need a lock changed, be sure to contact a residential locksmith near you as soon as possible to restore the safety to the home.
This type of lock is for the interior of a home. It can be installed on all interior doors that lead to the exterior. It is not a bad idea to install these on windows in children’s bedrooms either, where it is feasible of course.
This type of lock has a few options. There are those that have a small piece that protrudes outward to slide across and others that have an elongated triangle that folds over. Either is sufficient. It merely depends on your personal preference.
Before finishing the installation, test the lock to make sure that it slides without getting caught and that the folding piece latches onto the large ball. What this will do is prevent you from making unnecessary holes in the door and frame.
Many families use this type of lock in combination with a deadbolt and traditional key lock. It is just an added measure of security. It should be placed up high enough to where children cannot reach it. They are likely to figure out how to work the turning locks rather easily and at a young age. This extra measure is ideal as a safety measure, especially if you have a basement, which could result in an unsupervised injury.
Brands of Locks
These are popular lock brands
Mortise Locks are easy to use for seniors and the disabled
Deadbolts are a very secure type of lock
Protect Your Home from Strangers
Double-cylinder deadbolt locks are the safest and strongest among key locks for homes. With this setup, the deadbolt portion is strong and is hard to break through without destroying the door or frame. The double-cylinder deadbolt is a great theft deterrent.
With this setup, keys must be used to lock the interior and exterior. A separate turning lock can be used for the interior so that keys are not always required before going to bed. It is an option that any member of the family can get in the routine of locking. Having both the turning mechanism and key option for locking doors from the inside of the home is a bonus.
This is another interior option. A privacy lock is ideal for bedrooms and bathrooms. With this type, it is a traditional doorknob minus the keyhole. On the interior portion, there is a button that can be pressed. When the knob is turned the button will pop out and the door will unlock.
This is the type of lock that is commonly seen in public restrooms in commercial settings. It is ideal for residential use as it is easy for children to use. These are also easy locks for the elderly to use in their homes. Some privacy locks do have a pin hold in the opposing side in case of an emergency. The lock is easy to pop to get in.
This is a simple type of deadbolt lock. The interior has a thumb lock that is turned by hand. The exterior has a keyhole to gain entry. For those that have a traditional type of door lock, this is often added in addition to that traditional lock.
In areas where crime is minimal, this type of lock will be more than sufficient, even when you go out of town for a vacation. It is difficult to break through a deadbolt without destroying both the door and the frame.
This type of lock can be installed as a simple DIY project. You will only need a few tools, including a power drill, screw driver and possibly a hammer. Some shaving of the door or interior of the frame may be required to get the right fit. It is important to ensure that all of the mechanisms turn freely and are tight when connecting before completely tightening the rest of the lock structure.
Keyed Entry Locks
Keyed entry locks are the most predominant in the lock world. There are a variety of sizes to meet the needs of different types of doors. Doors are of different thicknesses thus requiring different types of locks.
When installing this type of lock it is important to ensure that the sliding or locking mechanism is absolutely aligned with the piece affixed inside the door frame. Even being a single centimeter off can make the lock unstable. This can also cause it to weaken or completely stop turning.
You will need to use a marker or pencil to placing markings on the interior of the door and the door frame to assure perfect alignment. A cordless drill will be the main tool for this project to secure the pieces in place. A screw driver can be used to do the final tightening of the pieces. This helps to prevent stripping and splitting of the wood in the frame.
If you are using a pre-fabricated metal door, no changes to the door itself should be made. Just ensure that you have properly aligned the inset on the frame exactly with the locking portion on the door.
Rather than a traditional knob, some homeowners prefer to use a handle or lever type of door handle. This requires a bit more attention. The handles have to be aligned to be straight, and this must be tight while still allowing the handles to move freely.
There are traditional key locks for this type but there are also the privacy lock types that have a keyhole on one side and a button on the interior side. While this type is most commonly seen in commercial buildings, it is also suitable for use in a residential home.
This type of door knob does not lock. It is mainly used for closets and pantries in the home. For some, it is used as a bedroom doorknob option, especially for the rooms of young children. Preventing an accidental lock-in for a young child is important as it can instill fear within them if they cannot get out.
It is easy to install this type of knob. It still has to match up exactly in order to fit properly. You should also measure the width of the door. This will tell you what size knob to purchase.
A passage lockset has two knobs and multiple locking mechanisms. In most cases, the number of mechanisms is four. What this does is create a line of locks. Mostly used in apartment buildings and homes that are in unsafe neighborhoods, this is the best method of protection other than an audible security system.
To install this type of locking system, a locksmith is likely needed simply due to the amount of precision involve ensuring that all of the mechanisms work in harmony and move freely upon turning. One side of the knob has a key hole and the other is likely to have a turning lever.
This may seem as a high-tech or overly indulgent type of residential lock. A faceplate is installed with a rectangular box over it. The box is designed to recess from the door’s edge. The keyholes and knobs fit right onto the faceplate as well.
With this lock, it can be fitted for right-handed or left-handed persons. The pin tumbler is in a cylinder to add to the durability of the lock in general. The inside key knob is how the deadbolt is initiated for this mechanism. Both a latchbolt and deadbolt are within this single mechanism. The key operates both.
Keyless Entry System
A keyless entry system is high-technology that is often seen on high-end homes or smarthomes. With this type of setup, a keypad or thumbprint recognition system is put into place. Each family member can have a key code of their own and there should be a family default code to use. This is secure and is often the indication of an audible security system being in place.
The ultimate theft deterrent without having an audible security system is this type of locking system. Most homeowners also install a deadbolt on the door as added safety. In some cases, a deadbolt can be an additional item that is wired into the keyless entry system.
Each of these types of locks for residential use offer varying levels of security. This is why many homeowners often have a traditional key lock with a deadbolt above it. In some homes you will see both of these along with a night latch or sliding lock. As mentioned above, children can easily turn thumb locks to one side or the other, using a night latch system that is placed up high prevents this. The thickness of a door is important when choosing a lock as well. This gauges the length of the shafts of the doorknob or lock that you must purchase. If it is too short or too long, it will malfunction, thus offering no protection to the family.