A History of Bosnia and Herzegovina
10 major events that happened in BiH's history
1st century B.C - 600's
600's- The people know as the Slavs settle Bosnia and Herzegovina
800's - 1878
1376-1391- Bosnia is an independent country
1463- After years of war, the Ottoman empire finally conquered most of Bosnia except for a small southern providence known as Herzegovina (this however fell by 1482) During Ottoman rule many Bosnian's convert to Islam
1878- Ottoman rule ends in Bosnia and Herzegovina, and the country becomes a colony to the Austro-Hungarian Empire before the year is over.
Past and Current Presidents of BiH
The Former Ruler of Yugoslavia, he was head of the Yugoslav communist party during World War two and sought to create a industrialized Yugoslavia until his death in 1980
The first president of the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina between 1990 and 1996, he was the first democratic president and worked with Portuguese diplomat Jose Cutileiro to create the Lisbon Agreement to turn Bosnia's government into a triple cantonal state.
The current President Chairman of the triple presidency between Bakir who identifies as a Bosniak. IZETBEGOVIC along with Zeljko KOSMIC (Bosnian Croat) and Nebojsa RADMANOVIC (Bosnian Serb) He was inaugurated on March 10th, 2014 and will have a one year and four month term.
1918- Bosnia has survived World War one and becomes part of the kingdom of the Croats, Serbs, and Slovenes (this will later be renamed Yugoslavia)
1941-1945- Germany invades Croatia, Croatia becomes Germany's ally and invades Bosnia which it will control until the end of the war
1945- Bosnia becomes part of a Tito controlled Communist Yugoslavia
1980- Communist party leader Tito dies and a Collective presidency is created with members from each region nine years later a multiparty democracy is introduced
1991- Bosnia Declares independence from Yugoslavia along with Croatia and Slovenia
1992-1995- Bosnia becomes a battleground, Civil war erupts between the Bosniaks, Bosnian Croats , and the Bosnian Serbs as the Bosnian Serbs commit 'ethnic cleansing' all over the Country. The Capital of Sarajevo is under siege by Bosnian Serb snipers and the Yugoslav's Peoples Army
1995- The Dayton Peace Accords are signed which divides the country into the Federation and the Republika of Srpska but allows for a new multi-ethnic government to be formed