Beginner Beekeeper's Guide
The Essential Beekeeping smore
Table of contents
- The right place
- Getting things ready
- The hive
- Installing the Bees
- The first inspection
1. The right place
When you get your bees you want to have the right place to put them. The spot where you put them should Have not too much shade, but also not too much sun. Make sure you have a water source nearby; If not, Buy an automatic water source. If you're area doesn't allow bees, Try clever disguises like pretending your hive is a piece of furniture, or a tiny storage box. If you live in the city Try putting your hive on your garage roof. Explore your apartment building and look to see if there are any entrances besides inside your apartment building. You do not want dripping honey and loose bees a problem. If your yard is small, you should explore your neighborhood and look for places that would make good bee yards. When you find the right place, contact the owner and ask them if you can examine their yard. Then mark the spot where you will put your hive.
2. Getting things ready
Arrange all of your tools: Smoker, Smoker Fuel, Matches/Lighter, and paper.
Light your paper and put the burning paper in the smoker.
Put the smoker fuel on top of the paper, without pushing it in. Puff air to make the flames rise and make the fuel catch fire.
Push the fuel with your hive tool into the smoker. Puff continuously.
Let the pine needles free burn until it smokes well.
Close the lid and now you have thick smoke to waft on your bees.
Here are the things that you need: Two Cinder Blocks, Two 2x4s. Stack the Cinder blocks on top of each other and then place the 2x4s side by side on top of the cinder blocks.
3. The hive
The Hive Cover is like the roof for your hive. It is usually painted with polyurethane or has aluminum on it. It is meant to keep rain out of the hive.
This is like the ceiling for the hive. It is usually a rectangle. It is meant to keep the Outer Cover from sticking onto the hive.
Supers are a little bit smaller than Brood Boxes. They are meant to get honey out of, bee-cause honey from the Brood Boxes is for the bees, not us.
This is to keep the Queen Bee from laying eggs in the super.
This is their own area, where they make their own honey, lay eggs, and raise brood ( that is how it got its name). This box is slightly larger than a super.
This is to measure/trap Varroa Mites (A colony killer). You can add a specific kind of board and pour a kind of oil that will trap and kill the Varroa. If you do put the oil, you should block the other entrance (You should find it). That way bees don't walk onto the board and get stuck and die.
4. Installing the bees
1. Take out five frames your hive.
2. make sure you have a good hold on the can before thumping the cage. If not, it may fall of the support below, if there is one.
3. Remove the queen cage carefully. Don't drop her, if you can help it. Don't let the bees unnerve you. Gently shake or blow them off the cage.
4. When the queen's cage is free of worker bees, put it in your pocket to keep her warm and for safe keeping.
5. Quickly and carefully dump the bees into the space created by the missing frames. Shake the bees a bit to get them to come out, but don't worry about every last bee. You'll get them later.
6. If your cage comes equipped with a hook or wire, loop it over a top bar, off center, and hang the cage so the screen faces the opening between frames. Consider securing it to the top bar with duct tape or a staple. You can't be to careful with a bug as an expensive queen The tape will make sure your queen stays where she should. If there isn't a wire or tab, and often there isn't one that works for installing in a package, use rubber bands.
7. If you are lucky and have drawn comb in the frames in the box above the box you dump the bees into, install the queen in the upper of two boxes. The queen's cage should be placed between frames in the top box, with the screen facing down, and the cage actually resting on the lips of the bottom bars. Squeeze the two frames together to embedd the cage.