Lily Bowler

Road to Revolution

The whole thing started in 1763 after the French and Indian War, when King George III banned any settlements west of the Appalachian Mountains. The colonists were angry and it didn't help when Britain started taxing the colonists for no reason and without their consent.
There were taxes on anything and everything, such as sugar, paper, glass, molasses, lead, and tea. These taxes caused an uproar in the colonies. Colonists were getting angrier by the second.
One of the most famous slogans from that time period was, "No taxation without representation." This means that the colonists thought that Britain shouldn't be able to tax them without their verbal consent or representative vote.

The colonists started yelling at the soldiers and even throwing snowballs at them. Finally, the soldiers snapped, and they shot and killed 3 colonists in the crowd. This event became known as the Boston massacre.

The tax on tea led to the colonists dumping out chests of tea from British ships into the Boston Harbor, which is known as the Boston Tea Party. In punishment, the King ordered the Intolerable Acts to be forced. He hoped this would make the Colonists obey him but it only angered them more.

Lexington & Concord, 1775

This event is known as the "kick-off" for the American Revolution, it was the first war. This was the first official war where the, newly founded, continental army fought against the British troops, an obviously stronger army. The British were the first to flee the scene, they did not expect the militia to hold up as well as they did. After the colonial army chased the Redcoats for about 18 miles, only 250 died. In the time that they were firing back, the Redcoats managed to kill 90 militiamen, unfortunately. Outnumbered but not discouraged, the militia went back to the colonies and began preparing for another war. News of the war got to London on May 28, and the revolution began.
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Common Sense, 1776

Common Sense was a 47 page pamphlet arguing that the kings and queens shouldn't be able to make the laws, but the colonists should. This pamphlet was released anonymously, meaning the author's name wasn't on it. However, the author of it, Thomas Paine was soon discovered. Originally only released in Philadelphia, the pamphlet soon spread across the colonies and sold over 500,000 copies. His arguments and valid points made some of the colonists turn on the king, and see him in a new light, which, in turn, helped the militia grow.
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Declaration of Independence, 1776

The declaration announced the Colonies' break from Britain. The main author, Thomas Jefferson, argued that every human being has 3 unalienable rights, meaning no one can take them away from them. These rights are, "life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness". Jefferson also said that the king invaded their rights by taxing them without their consent. He also stated that the colonies should have the right to separate from Britain anytime they want.

Battle of Saratoga, 1777

After their two loses, the British were getting restless and angry and needed a win on their side. The plan that they created was that they would cut off New England from the rest of the colonies. They got the help of General Howe, of New York City, to go up the Hudson River and corner New England, where he would meet the Redcoats. This plan didn't go so well because without telling Britain, Howe went up the Chesapeake Bay and captured Philadelphia. Some of the militia surrounded the Redcoats on their journey and the other part created obstacles for Howe and had him surrounded. That same day, General Howe was forced to surrender his whole army to the Minutemen. This was yet another win for the colonies.

Winter at Valley Forge, 1777

Before the cold days at Valley Forge, a wealthy, young, frenchman arrived at the colonies. With him was a group of well-trained soldiers and his own ship. He volunteered to join the continental army with no pay, he even donated $200,000 of his own money to the funds. He had little experience in fighting, but quickly became one of the best soldiers and soon was a commander himself. In December of 1777 George Washington and his army was running very low on food and supplies so they settled at Valley Forge, north of Philadelphia. During the harsh parts of the winter, over 2,000 soldiers died. Washington took this opportunity to train and prepare his troops for more battles. These times are associated with hard work and dedication, these times made the troop able to win against Britain.

Battle of Yorktown, 1781

The Patriots weren't doing too well, they were running low on supplies and money and soldiers. Their foreign allies didn't do as much as they thought they would and the colonists started stressing out. British General, Charles Cornwallis, thought he would be able to capture the militia by taking his army of 7,200 and marching them up to York Town. this was a big mistake. George Washington was there, with his army, waiting for him with the help of French troops they managed to corner him and make him surrender. This was the final war, besides a few small battles after, of the revolution and the final straw that finally made The Colonies independent from Britain.

Treaty of Paris, 1783

It took more than two years after York Town for the colonies and Britain to come to an agreement. But, eventually, Britain recognized the Colonies' independence and came to a peaceful agreement. The treaty also so set the American borders. Also, British leaders accepted colonial trade, west of the original 13 colonies. In a separate treaty between Spain and Britain, the British returned Florida to the Spanish.