Different types of fibers

By: Rustyn Orbison

Cotton

Comes From- Cotton Plant

Advantage- Soft, Breathable, Inexpensive

Disadvantage- Shrinks and stretches, Dries sowly

End Uses- T-Shirts, Everything

Flax/ Linen

Comes From- Flax Seeds/Linen Seeds

Advantages- Lasts longer

Disadvantages- Wrinkles and creases easy

End Use- Linen

Wool

Comes From- Sheep

Advantages- Holds moisture without getting wet, Thermal insulator

Disadvantages- Scratchy/uncomfortable, can felt

End Uses- Sweaters

Silk

Comes From- Silk Worms

Advantages- Light weight, Luster, Stain Resistant

Disadvantages- Degrades over time, expensive

End Uses- Sheet, nice dresses, lingerie

Acetate

Comes From- Wood Shavings

Advantages- Looks and fells like silk, cheaper than silk

Disadvantages- Weak fabrics and dyes fade

End Uses- Nice upholstery

Rayon

Comes From- Petroleum

Advantages- Environmentally Friendly, Absorbency is better than cotton

Disadvantages- Prone to shrinking, fades in the sun

End Uses- blouses/dresses

Lyocell

Comes From- Cellulose, Bleaches Wood pulp

Advantages- Color riche, Soft, Durable

Disadvantages- Expensive

End Use- Denim and underwear

Nylon

Comes From- Molten nylon forced through a spinneret

Advantages- Wear resistant can handle excessive temperatures

Disadvantages- Poor water absorbency, no dimensional capacity

End Uses- Parachute canopy

Olefin

Comes From- Polyolefin

Advantages- Strong, Stain resistant

Disadvantages- Discoloration, Compresses Easy

End Uses- Carpet

Polyester

Comes From- Coal, Air, Water, Petroleum

Advantages- Hard to Stain, Holds shape, Resistant to wrinkles

Disadvantages- Poor absorbency to dyes, not as soft as cotton

End Uses- T-Shirts

Spandex

Comes From- Polyurethane

Advantages- Light weight and comfortable, resistant to perspiration, High Elasticity

Disadvantages- Sticks to your body and doesn't allow your skin to breath

End Uses- Compressions

Manufactured or Natural

Manufactured- Spandex, Polyester, Olefin, Nylon, and Rayon

Natural- Cotton, Wool, Linen, Silk, Acetate, Lyocell,