Climate & Physical Features
Culture & Economy
Timor was first colonized by the Portuguese in 1520. The Dutch, who claimed many of the surrounding islands, took control of the western portion of the island in 1613. Portugal and the Netherlands fought over the island until an 1860 treaty divided Timor, granting Portugal the eastern half of the island as well as the western enclave of Oecussi. Gold, petroleum, natural gas, manganese, marble. Mostly Roman Catholic, Protestant, Muslim.