Grade 10 Advanced English

Frequently Asked Questions

Q1. How do I cite direct quotes from a database source?

There are two options for in-text referencing:

  1. Adding a citation at the end of a sentence.
  2. Using the author's name as part of your sentence.

Essential information to include:

  • The family name of the author.
  • No initials are required.
  • The year of publication.
  • Place a comma between the year and the page number.
  • Write the page number/s as p. 95 or pp. 95- 97.
  • Leave a space between the p. and the number.
  • Use ‘single’ inverted commas, to indicate the quotation.


It is essential to write exactly what is written in the quote.

Here are some examples of how to do this:

The Citation (in APA format) Ballaro, B., & Wagner, G. (2015). Body Image & the Media: An Overview. Points Of View: Body Image & The Media, 1.

Ballaro and Wagner (2015, p. 11) stated that "men and women, boys and girls, are influenced a great deal by these perfect images and spend millions of dollars each year on products that are supposed to help them attain these often-unattainable bodies. Many others become ill while trying to diet, or build their bodies up beyond reasonable limits. "


"But men and women, boys and girls, are influenced a great deal by these perfect images and spend millions of dollars each year on products that are supposed to help them attain these often-unattainable bodies. Many others become ill while trying to diet, or build their bodies up beyond reasonable limits." (Ballaro and Wagner 2015, p. 1)

In-text referencing when using direct quotes from a newspaper article with an author from a database. (n.d.). Retrieved November 10, 2015.

Q2. How do I know when a citation is needed?

There are five basic principles to follow to determine when a citation is needed. However, the general rule is that when you are in doubt, you should create a citation. Here are the five principles for creating a citation:

1. Quotation - You should always cite the source of a direct citation.

2. Paraphrase - When restating the words or ideas of another in your own words, you need to create a citation as these ideas are not your own.

3. Summary - A summary is a short statement of another person's ideas in your own words. This will also require you to create a citation.

4. Facts, Information and Data - Whenever you are using facts, information or data that you did not discover yourself, you need to create a citation.

5. Supplementary Information - Any information used to support your argument that are not an analysis by you of the information collected needs to have a citation created.

University, P. (2012, August 1). When to Cite Sources - Academic Integrity at Princeton University. Retrieved November 10, 2015.

Q3. Do I need to cite paraphrased information?

Refer to question 2 and 16

Q4. How do I decide what should be included in my research notes?

There are many ways to determine what should be included in your research notes. One of the easiest methods of note-taking is the Cornell methods. Check out the link below to help you learn how to write good research notes.

How to take Cornell notes. (n.d.). Retrieved November 10, 2015, from

How to take Cornell notes

Q5. How do I login from home and use the databases?

We recommend going to the Library Learning Commons MyClass page to log in. Here is how you do it:

1. Go to

2. Click on the BYOD login

3. Click on the MyClass page (it will be green)

4. Click on the Library Learning Commons MyClass page

Once you are at the Library Learning Commons MyClass page, you can locate the passwords to access the databases from home under the lock icon:

Once you have located the password that you need, you can click on the computer icon to access the databases from home.

Q6. If I am not using databases, how do I decide whether a site on the Internet is trustworthy?

Finding a trustworthy website can be difficult! You want to use the following checklist to determine if the website that you are using is a good one:

Checklist for Evaluating Websites

URL: _________________________________________________________

Answer “Yes”, “No”, or “?” to the following statements.

The information on the website can be confirmed on other reputable sites or in print


There is lots of information on this site and it will help me to answer my research question.

The website has information that is up to date.

The author of the website is identified and can be contacted.

The website appears to be free of stereotyping and bias (racial, cultural, faith, or gender).

Any opinions expressed by the author have been identified as such.

The website is attractive, well organized, and easy to read, and has useful visuals.

Words are spelled correctly and the grammar is correct.

All the hyperlinks are working, and are well chosen and well organized.

The website is easy to navigate and the home page can always be accessed.

If you have answered “Yes” to all the statements, this website may be useful to you.

If you have answered “No” or “?” to any of the statements, you should discuss the statement and any concerns with a teacher or group member.

What is the best part of this website?

What would be the best way to find this website in the future?

What could be improved on this website?

How might you use your knowledge to help a friend find similar information quickly?

Active Learning – Technology © Queen's Printer for Ontario, 2006

Q7. How do I find good websites using Google?

Finding good websites on Google can be difficult. Most people try to type their research question into Google to find the answer. Sometimes, using the key words of your search can be helpful as well. No matter what website you are using, you should always refer to the checklist in question 6 to determine if it is a good one.

Q8. I don't like using Source-It. It's confusing. What else can I use to help me find out how to do MLA formatting?

The Library Learning Commons MyClass page is a great place to start! Follow the instructions in question 5 on how to get there. Once you are at the Library Learning Commons MyClass, you can go to the following links to find out more about MLA formatting.

1. Click on Class Links

2. Click on Citation Tools (on the left side of the link)

Under citation tools you will find a link to citation machine.

Citation machine is an easy to use tool when you are not sure how to properly cite something. All you have to do is choose your format (i.e. APA, MLA or Chicago), select the material you are trying to cite (i.e. book, website, journal, film, magazine or newspaper) and enter the title or URL of what it is you are looking for. It will easily create the citation for you. So easy!

We also have, under Class Resources, MLA Citation Resources. Lots of information about how to correct do MLA formatting can be found there.

Q9. I made a list of keywords to search with, but need more. How do I come up with more?

A common mistake that students make when searching for a topic is they put into too many key words at once and that limits their search options. Once you have some key words to start with, try putting them in individually. If that doesn't yield a lot of results put in your keyword "and" another keyword. Using the words "and" and "or" when doing a search often yields a lot more possibilities. Even when you start your search in the library catalogue, often other potential keywords/topics will appear on the right hand side.

Q10. When do I use embedded citations?

The following Youtube video is a great resource in terms of understanding when to use embedded citations.

"In-text Citations." YouTube. YouTube. Web. 12 Nov. 2015.

In-text Citations

Q11. I couldn't find an MLA citation on all of the databases. Can you help me?

MLA citations should be found in almost all of the databases. If you are having difficulty finding it in a particular database, please ask one of the teacher-librarians or the library technician for assistance.

Q12. Is there software I can use to cite?

There are a lot of different websites that you can use for help with citing your work. and are popular options that many students choose. On the Library Learning Commons MyClass, under class links and under citation tools, we have a link to This is a great site and it is free to access MLA, APA and Chicago style referencing. All you have to do is put in your book title or URL and citation machine will build the citation for you!

Q.13 I never knew about the advanced search before Ms. Crupi told me. Can you tell me more about how to use it?

Many, but not all, of our databases have an advanced search option. If you are looking to find information on a specific topic, the advanced search option will be right for you. You can select different areas to search such as, keyword, document title, publication title, author/creator, subject or by the entire document. There are also other search options available. When you are having a hard time finding information about your topic, the advanced search option can be very helpful.

Q.14 How do I find Canadian based information?

Finding Canadian based information in our databases is easier that you might think. We have a number of Canadian specific databases that you should start at when looking for Canadian content:

  • Ontario Newspapers
  • Ontario Educational Resource Bank
  • Stats Can
  • The Canadian Encyclopedia
  • Canadian Reference Centre
  • Canadian Points of View
  • Canada in Context

Q.15 I really liked the MLA note taking sheet from the Library.

The MLA note taking sheet can also be found on the Library Learning Commons MyClass page.

1. Click on Course Resources

2, Click on Resource Tracking Sheets

You can print your own tracking sheet at home if you need or want to. We also have extra copies here in the Library Learning Commons.

Q16. How do I quote a quote that was quoted from another source?

Quoting a quote from another source can be tricky! Read the following scenario to determine how to do it correctly.

Scenario: You have read a journal article written by John Smith. In the article, John Smith quotes Jane Adams' book Chicken Little (which you have not used in your own research). You would like to quote Jane Adams in your own paper. MLA encourages you to find the original source and cite Jane Adams directly, since it helps you evaluate whether John Smith has accurately quoted and represented Jane Adams' ideas. However, if you don't have access to Chicken Little, you'll need to use an indirect reference (MLA 6.4.7).


  1. Include an entry for the source you have in hand (in this case John Smith's journal article) in your reference list.
  2. In your parenthetical (in-text) reference after the quote, credit the original source (in this case the Chicken Little book) adding the words "qtd. in" to show that your got the Adams quote from Smith and didn't verify it independently.

Here's how your indirect in-text reference will look:

...Adams asserts in her book Chicken Little that "without a doubt, the chicken came before the egg" (qtd. in J. Smith 21).

"NoodleTools." KnowledgeBase. Web. 12 Nov. 2015.