The World Wide Web
Tim Berners-Lee and Alan Turing
The whole world uses the internet in their everyday life. But we wouldn't have it without Tim Berners-Lee - the inventor of the world wide web.
Tim Berners-Lee was born on 8th June 1955. He is 58 years old and is a British computer scientist. He is best known for inventing the world wide web.
He created the first web browser in 1990 and the put the first website online on 6th August 1991. On the website, it explained about what the World Wide Web, how you could use a browser and set up a web server. Berners-Lee made the world wide web available for everyone, with no patent. He founded the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) and decided it should be based on royalty-free technology, so it could be changed by anyone.
In 2004, he was knighted by the Queen for his work. He appeared in the London 2012 Olympics opening ceremony and was honoured as the "Inventor of the World Wide Web".
Dom Joly - Sir Tim Berners-Lee
Also, Alan Turing was a big part in the making of modern day computing
Alan Turing was born on 23rd June 1912 and died on 7th June 1954. He was a British mathematician and computer scientist.
During his time at Cambridge University, he developed proof which states that automatic computation can't solve all mathematical problems. This idea, which is known as the Turing machine, is considered the basis for the modern theory of computation.
In the Second World War, Turing played a very important role in deciphering the messages that were encrypted by the German Enigma machine, which helped the Allies a lot. He was the leader in a team that designed a machine known as the bombe that successfully decoded German messages. He became a well known person at Bletchley, where he was working during the war.
After the war, Turing started to develop a machine that would logically process information. In 1949, he went to Manchester University where he directed the computing laboratory and developed a body of work that helped to form the basis of artificial intelligence.
In 1952, Turing was arrested and tried for homosexuality, which was a criminal offence then. He committed suicide on 7th June 1954.
Alan Turing - Celebrating the life of a genius